Community Based Adaptation

The Community Based Adaptation (CBA) is an important component of the larger picture of management and avoidance of Climate Change impacts and pressures by local people. It provides information and concrete examples on potential impacts of climate change and mitigative measures which are location specific and community managed. CBA also provides information needs which can be shared and replicated in an appropriate format and manner acceptable by communities. The need for information on adaptation by incorporating and building upon existing coping strategies of communities can be articulated and demonstrated through CBA projects.

Information providers—mainly researchers and academics---must be ready to learn from local communities and work with them to come up with adaptation solutions and actions that are both truly useful and have a strong chance of being adopted and owned by people on the ground. The key outcome and priority of the CBA is to reduce vulnerability and increasing adaptive capacity of communities to manage the additional risks of climate change and its variability.

GEF SGP will position and transform its strategies for mitigating climate change impacts at local levels to fully embrace all types of responses, including adapting to climate Change impacts at the most vulnerable localities and with the less resourced actors—communities themselves. In view of the above needs, SGP CBA objectives revolves around: i) focusing and supporting poor and vulnerable communities adapt to Climate Change; ii) providing a delivery support system that international aid can use to reach the vulnerable communities; iii) focusing on management of production processes and optimization of ecosystem services; and iv) combining expertise and knowledge from focal area work to address in an integrated manner, issues to do with water, biodiversity, land management and forestry, to meet community resiliency objectives.

Types of projects supported by SGP

To focus community adaptation efforts, it is useful to have an overall picture of the key development sectors that are impacted by climate change induced pressures in a locality. In addition, efforts should also focus on more vulnerable sections of society including, for instance, the poor, youth, indigenous communities, women and children, and HIV/AID's impacted populations. While it is recognized that SGP is already working in these sectors, pooling resources will guarantee a more coordinated and effective response to Climate change impacts on vulnerable communities and ecosystems.

The types of projects promoted include: i) Agricultural and food security- Strengthening resilience which can range from adopting practices to protect existing livelihood systems, diversifying sources of income, to changing livelihood strategies, ii) Water resources management- In many locations, water management cannot satisfactorily cope even with current climate variability, resulting in flood and drought damages. As a first step, typical projects should aim at improved incorporation of information about current climate variability into water-related management activities so that communities can adapt to longer-term climate change impacts, iii) Coastal management-Projects in this category would come from the general area of : salt water intrusion management, protection of coastal defenses to storm surges, reduction of sedimentation and sediment loads, rehabilitation of coastal vegetative resources, infrastructural support, provision of household water supply, management of coastal river delta basins, ecotourism activities aimed at reducing pressures on natural resources in the hinterlands, fisheries and marine conservation, important bird areas management, iv) Disaster management and risks reduction- Disaster Risk Reduction &Recovery projects would coalesce around, early warning and preparedness. Typical disasters that affect communities for which CBA projects should aim at includes landslides, floods, invasion of pests, drought, and insecurity and disease outbreaks and, v) Public health and sanitation-Management of pest using biologically friendly and environmentally degradable solutions, proposing the utilization of flood waters, proper hygiene and sanitation provision for crowded dwelling places like in urban centers comprise common project types in this area.

Main achievements of the portfolio since 1992

Overall, the CBA portfolio started in 2008 with the initial support from the GEF with a nominal, and in a pilot basis, funding from the strategic priority on adaptation window. Shortly after this funding, the SGP was funded by Australian aid for similar initiative that concentrated in the Mekong delta, Asia and the Pacific region (MAP CBA) and recently by 2011, a new initiative focusing on Small Islands Developing States (SIDS CBA) was unveiled and it covers an additional 38 countries. Through the GEF SPA CBA pilot project which covered only 10 countries and the MAP CBA which covered an additional 20 countries, many products have been developed since then. These products include videos, photo stories, manuals, technical guidance materials, gender guidebooks, newsletters, various thematic contributions in major conferences, meetings, COPS and etc. Currently, up to 25 projects from MAP CBA and 65 projects from SPA CBA are either under implementation or have been finalized to date while a number of Country Programme Strategies are being finalized in the SIDS CBA countries. Lessons and cases studies are being developed out of the experiences from these projects.

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Community Based Adaptation Snapshot (Since 1992)
# of Projects 707
Total Grant Amount US$ 21,788,579
Total cash Co-Financing US$ 8,656,388
Total In-Kind Co-Financing US$ 13,053,236

Portfolio By Region

Asia & the Pacific
Arab States
Europe & the CIS
Latin America & the Caribbean
Global Publications
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Developed for local and national-lelvel practititioners interested in community-based adaptation (CBA) to climate change, this guide presents the lessons and practices from the gloal pilot project funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) under the Strategic Priority on Adaptation (SPA) window and implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) through the GEF Small Grants Programme (SGP) mechanism.  

The guide resembles a 'cookbook' for conducting the CBA processes in project development and implementation. To illustrate the processes and priniciples, the guide provides practical examples of how CBA can be accomplished in real project situations by drawing on the field experiences of the SPA CBA project, which was implemented in 10 countries in varying geographic areas with communities of different cultural backgrounds and norms.

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General Brochure about the SMall Grants Programme. Where we work, how to apply, areas of work and results.

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Based on examples from Community Based Adaptation (CBA) projects of the GEF Small Grants Programme implemented by UNDP, this publication aims to guide practitioners in developing CBA projects from design to implementation. The publication includes recommendations on country entry points, roles and responsibilities of various stakeholders, financial management, use of methodologies such as VRA, applying the Theory of Change and more.

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Global Environment Facility (GEF) Small Grants Programme (SGP) has been involved in Community-Based Adaptation (CBA) since 2008. At this time, the GEF Strategic Priority on Adaptation (SPA) window funded a five-year pilot programme that was implemented by UNDP and delivered on the ground by SGP. In 2009, AusAID partnered with SGP to enable climate resilience funding for two complementary CBA programmes, the Mekong Asia Pacific CBA (MAP CBA) and the Small Islands Developing States CBA (SIDS CBA).

One of the key objectives of SGP’s CBA programmes is to mainstream CBA into the local, sub national and national levels by informing policies and programmes of community-driven adaptation priorities and innovations. While every country’s planning processes and capacities vary substantially, one of the greatest barriers for government’s effective development processes is how to reach vulnerable local people, especially those living in isolated geographic areas.

This guidance note is targeted to SGP CBA practitioners such as National Coordinators (NCs), grantees and Programme Assistants (PAs) to effectively integrate CBA innovations into national processes and practices, while using the existing infrastructure and systems of SGP. It can also be used by other practitioners working at the local levels.

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The Gender, Climate Change and Community Based Adaptation Guidebook presents a wealth of experiences and examples taken from the UNDP-GEF Community-Based Adaptation Programme, delivered through SGP, that are being piloted throughout the world. The Guidebook will be useful for any community-based practitioners who wish to review successful cases of gender mainstreaming in community-based adaptation projects.

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AusAID CBA Project Report - June 2012 ( Tuesday, 16 October 2012 )
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SPA CBA Annual Report 2011 ( Monday, 24 September 2012 )
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Community-Based Adaptation ( Saturday, 03 December 2011 )
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Case Studies
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As climate change continues to be one of the existential threats to humanity, local communities in Small Island Developing States (SIDS) often experience acceleration and/or intensification of its impacts due to their small land area, susceptibility to natural disasters, geographical isolation, limi
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Located in Lima’s El Agustino district - One hundred local women organized themselves to rehabilitate the river Rimac banks and surrounding hills with Tara trees and other medicinal plants. An artificial wetland with a biofilter was also created to cleanse the water for irrigation. 
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  The project is located in Lima’s El Agustino district – a densely populated urban area of approximately 180,000 inhabitants. The banks of river Rímac had suffered from extensive land degradation and illegal garbage disposal, which increased the risk of landslides and pollution. One hund
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2011 - SEED Award

Won by Association des Veuves Vulnerables Affectees et Infectees par le VIH/SIDA (AVVAIS) a.s.b.l. - AVVAIS a.s.b.l. (Non-government Organization) : GEF SGP Rwanda is also pleased to inform you that the only winner from Rwanda is a GEF SGP grantee (OP4/Y3). "Project for producing edible mushroom spores" is pioneering the local production of primary mushroom spores through a laboratory run by a cooperative of HIV-infected women and widows. Supported by international organizations and local government authorities, the initiative will make mushroom production accessible to vulnerable members of rural communities as a profitable and high-yield crop requiring little land.

2011 - Premio Otorgado por el Ministerio de Ciencia Tecncología y Medio Ambiente

Won by Programa para el manejo participativo de los recursos naturales en la comunidad "La Concepción." El Proyecto que se ejecuta en la Comunidad de La Concepción con el coauspicio del Instituto de Investigaciones Jorge Dimitrov, es premiado como el mejor resultado científico técnico introducido de mayor impacto social durante el año 2011.

2009 - Kyoto World Water Grand Prize

SGP project "Recycling of Waster Water for Irrigation" was one of the 10 top finalists.

2009 - Coastal zone: Meeting space

The NGO Instituto de Investigación Acción Educativa Luna Nueva that carries out a SGP project called Ecología Costera. The purpose of the project is to make youths aware of the coast problems in order to use the resources in a sustainable way. In this case, the group won the first prize with a poster showing the erosion of Ciudad de la Costa, the city they live in.

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