Community Micro-Hydro for Rural Electrification in Kampung Orang Asli Songkok and Kampung Orang Asli Tanjung Rambai, Selangor.
This project is focused on setting up a micro-hydro system each in the following two villages, the Temuan Orang Asli (Indigenous People) community of Kampung Orang Asli Tanjung Rambai and Kampung Songkok, in Hulu Selangor. Located in the outer limits of Selangor, these villages are still without electricity services. The objective of this project is to develop a 3Kw Micro-hydro system each for the villages who currently depend on diesel powered generators, for electrification through renewable energy and thus reducing carbon emission as well as reducing the cost for fossil fuel. It is hoped that the provision of electricity will also provide the communities with alternative income generation and more sustainable livelihoods.
The project will encourage the communities to engage in watershed conservation activties, preservation of the surrounding forests and the conservation of the biodiversity within the vicinity of the villages, to ensure the sustainability of the micro-hydro system. Through capacity building initiatives throughout the project, the local indigenous communities will be empowered to sustainably manage their natural resources for the communities' socio economic benefits as well as preservation of indigenous traditional, botanical and pharmaceutical knowledge.
This project is inline to achieve a commitment for the reduction of CO2 emission and Millenium Development Goals (MDG) on poverty eradication and environmental sustainability.

PROJECT OBJECTIVES AND EXPECTED OUTPUTS
4.1. Objectives

4.1.1 Community-based capacity building in Micro-hydro and watershed management.
The Orang Asli communities in the proposed project of Kampung Tanjung Rambai and Kampung Songkok need capacity enhancement to ensure successful implementation and management of the micro-hydro project its watershed. This will be accomplished through consultancy, centralized training and assisting the community in the implementation of the project. Community organizing will be facilitated by COAC with the help of network members of JOAS. The technical and centralized training will be conducted by TONIBUNG on site. The training will be specific to the technical aspect of a micro-hydro system and the management of the system, including the watershed and community mobilizing.

4.1.2. Sustainable livelihood through environmentally-sound socio-economic activities.
The proposed project has the potential to drive socio-economic spin-offs in terms of sustainable livelihood projects. The by-product of the micro-hydro system is the water from the tail-race, which can be used for water supply, irrigation or fish ponds. The available energy from the micro-hydro can now run small machinery and tools for processing agricultural products.

Orang Asli women are renowned for their delicate and beautiful rattan and mengkuang weavings, from huge mats to small baskets. However, this unique craft is disappearing due to lack of continuity by younger generations. A women’s craft centre is proposed to act as a learning centre and also serve as their small outlet to those who wish to buy these crafts.

4.1.3. Management plan of watershed.
The management of watershed will be based on the management plan formulated based on successful model developed by GEF-SGP-funded micro-hydro projects in Sabah and Sarawak. Community mapping will be done to draw the boundary and to identify the areas of the watershed need to be protected. Protocol of access and enforcement of the watershed will also be included in this management plan.

4.1.4. Campaign to raise awareness.
The proposed project will conduct a campaign(s) to enhance the awareness among the communities in the proposed project site and its surrounding areas in the importance of conserving the watershed, which includes land, forest and rivers. It is also aimed at raising the awareness of power utilization and enhancing end-uses of the energy available from the micro-hydro system for socio-economic activities. Exposure visits will be organized to expand the knowledge and experience of the community leaders, youths and women.

4.2. Outputs
4.2.1. Capacity building.
The proposed project is expected to enhance the capacity of the community in management. The community will gain an understanding of: (a) the principles of watershed management, (b) power and its uses, and (c) the operation and maintenance of a micr-hydro system.

4.2.2. Awareness campaign & Formulation of watershed management plan.
Awareness of the communities in the project site and surrounding areas will be enhanced as will the establishment of community-based workshops. As the project proceeds, a management plan for the watershed will be formulated, protocols will be drawn and an enforcement mechanism will be set up to ensure successful implementation and timely completion.

4.2.3. Environment sustainability and Sustainable livelihood.
This micro-hydro project will be focused on watershed protection because the sustainability of the system depends on the health of the watershed. With the increased awareness of the communities through making of watershed maps and protocol, it is hoped that the watershed will be protected from encroachment and unplanned clearing of forest for agriculture.

The micro-hydro system will also contribute to the reduction of emissions from diesel and petrol generators. The micro-hydro can replace the use of 4 diesel generators and 6 petrol generators displacing 3000 liters/month of fossil fuel or 7000 kg of geo-carbon emission a month.

The electricity will also be able to support small tools and lighting for Women’s Craft centre as well as the community freezer to preserve food which can help to increase possible income.
 
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Project Snapshot

Grantee:
JARINGAN ORANG ASAL SEMALAYSIA
Country:
Malaysia
Area Of Work:
Climate Change Mitigation
Operational Phase:
Phase 4
Grant Amount:
US$ 50,000.00
Co-Financing Cash:
US$ 52,734.00
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 12,158.00
Project Number:
MAL/SGP/OP4/Y3/RAF/2010/07
Start Date:
10/2010
End Date:
9/2012
Status:
Satisfactorily Completed
Project Characteristics and Results
Notable Community Participation
The overall project benefitted at least 200 residents of the two (2) target communities namely Kg. Orang Asli Tanjung Rambai, Hulu Langat (150) and Kg. Orang Asli Sg Rellang, Gombak (50). The direct benefit from having clean, uninterrupted and cheaper alternative to electrify the homes have greatly improve the overall living condition of these rural communities.
Significant Participation of Indigenous Peoples
The residents of Kg. Orang Asli Tanjung Rambai, Hulu Langat and Kg. Orang Asli Sg Rellang, Gombak belong to the local indigenous community in Peninsular Malaysia.
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