International Waters
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The GEF International Waters (IW) focal area addresses sustainable development challenges faced by countries sharing transboundary surface, groundwater, and marine systems. 70 percent of the World is covered by Ocean, and 60 percent of the land lies in transboundary surface and groundwater basins. Most water systems are connected and transboundary, hence are under the coverage of GEF IW mandate. These water systems know no national boundaries and generate ecosystem services and products for human beings, generally serving as transbdounary lifelines. These waterbodies have suffered a trend of environmental degradation, in terms of water quality, ecosystem sustainability and environmental services and goods. The world is calling for effective actions to reverse this trend.

Project Types

SGP's IW portfolio promotes sustainable international waters management through regionally connected community-based activities. In GEF-5, SGP will focus its IW activities on freshwater surface waterbodies such as rivers and lakes, as well as regional seas and coastal areas. SGP may also pilot community-based underground water management in partnership with other programs and initiatives. Eligible activities for SGP funding may include:

  • Conservation and rehabilitation of coastal habitats (mangroves, coral reefs, seagrass and other types of wetlands)
  • Fresh water resource use and management;
  • Land-based pollution prevention and reduction;
  • Sustainable fisheries management;
  • Protection and sustainably use of ecosystem services and goods;
  • Protection of forests and reforestation in river basins;
  • Creation of alternative livelihoods to reduce pressure on fisheries and other natural resources;
  • Capacity development and knowledge sharing among communities on water management

Achievements

In addressing transboundary water issues, the SGP IW focal area establishes systematic linkages with regional mechanisms and fostering inter-community learning through regional communities and non-governmental organization (NGO) networking in connection with GEF full-sized projects' networking of government officials, scientists, experts and technical staff around a transboundary waterbody. SGP takes on regional approaches in IW focal area by promoting a coordinated and focused portfolio in a shared waterbody targeting regionally identified priorities and issues.

For example, in the South China Sea, Between May 2009 and May 2011 a total of 31 projects in six countries were executed under the partnership between SGP and UNEP/GEF South China Sea Project using $554,702 from the SCS Project and $541,574 from the SGP, with a total co-financing of $808,495. In total the SGP projects have brought 2,079 hectares of seagrass, 2,388 hectares of coral reef and 12,618 hectares of mangrove under some form of management; which represents 8%, 4.5% and 0.7% of the 2015 targets of the Regional Strategic Action Programme of the South China Sea.

Some country programs undertook a programmatic approach to developing and implementing international waters projects. In Indonesia, based on the previous successful experiences in coastal environmental management in in Serangan and Les village, Bali, SGP-Indonesia adopted a systematic approach to upscale and replicate the good experience of Bali. An overall planning process was undertaken with seven partners resulting in the coordinated development and implementation of a series of projects in two focus areas: Belitung and Batam. To facilitate the inter-project learning and sharing, a partner was particularly tasked with knowledge manage, technical assistance and networking and training. SGP-Indonesia invested $530,000 together with $540,000 co-financing in coastal marine environment. As a result, 10 hectares of coral reef habitat was conserved. 200,000 square meters of seascape was converted into marine park area. Incidents of illegal fishing were reduced by 50%. More than 60,000 coral reef fragments were planted. 22,664 ha of areas were rehabilitated, with more than 40,000 mangroves replanted. There has been an overall increase in awareness and knowledge about the ecosystem resources, and communities support of sustainable use the coastal resources for non-extraction economic uses including tourism development. Such thematic focused approach to international waters management proved to be highly effective, and should be replicated by other mature country programs.

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International Waters Snapshot (Since 1992)
# of Projects 1072
Total Grant Amount US$ 27,569,506
Total cash Co-Financing US$ 16,691,541
Total In-Kind Co-Financing US$ 25,156,149

Portfolio By Region

Africa
Asia & the Pacific
Arab States
Europe & the CIS
Latin America & the Caribbean
Global Publications
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Sea, my life: a voyage to UNDP-supported marine protected areas around the world" that features case studies of GEF financed projects.Our work in supporting communities in the protection of marine and coastal areas is featured in two chapters: "The people's reef, Community stewardship of marine heritage in Belize" that highlights our work in the Belize Reef Barrier.The other one is the "The Ripple Effect: Partnerships for marine conservation in Turkey" showcasing our work in the establishment of the first "no fishing zones in Turkey.

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“The struggle of poor and vulnerable communities against poverty, biodiversity depletion, environmental degradation, climate change devastation and poor governance may be slow and protracted, but their local solutions and innovations guarantee the future of the present and the next generation [...] Additional resource allocation and support to the global movement of local and indigenous land and sea managers is needed from the international community to consolidate local community achievements, and initiate and sustain more local actions together to address global challenges with scaled-up solutions and innovations." – Leonardo Rosario, Trowel Development Foundation

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General Brochure about the SMall Grants Programme. Where we work, how to apply, areas of work and results.

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This publication highlights the work of the GEF Small Grants Programme (SGP) in the international waters focal area that not only generates global environmental benefi ts through community-based management approach to international waters issues, while assisting communities to increase theirresilience and adapt to climate change.

( 3.8 MB )
 
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CWI UNDP Community Water Initiative ( Friday, 15 April 2011 )
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Case Studies
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Awards
2012 - Water Resources Management by Communities Award from the Hydro and Agro Informatics Institute, a public organization

Won by Bangprog Community, Pathumthani Province. The project received a "best practice" award from HAII award for its activity to up-scale and forge networking to cover wider area regarding community waste management.

2012 - Equator Prize

Won by Namdrik Atoll Local Resources Committee - The Marshall Islands is one of the most vulnerable nations in the world to the impacts of climate change and has economies that are dependent on declining fisheries. Namdrik Atoll Local Resources Committee is promoting a model of community self-sufficiency, local food security and adaptation. Traditional crops such as breadfruit, taro and native pandanus have been reintroduced to protect and restore soil, improve food security and open value-added secondary processing industries for local communities.

2012 - Best Research Award of Thailand Research Fund

Won by Thai Baan Association/ Farmers’ Community Institute. The research work awarded to the grantee was focused on integrated food production by sustainable agricultural practice which was the essence of this SGP project.

2010 - Green Globe Award of the 72 Golden Jubilee Initiative by the Petroleum Authority of Thailand

Won by Mr. Niwat Roykaew, project leader, Chiangrai Province. The project leader has been playing significant roles in mobilizing communities along the Mekong River for conservation work, resulting in a wider collaboration and the established Ing-Mekong Basin Natural Resources Protection Network as well as in policy dialogue for community adaptation to the impact from dam construction across the Mekong, an international water supporting livelihood of over 70 million people.

2010 - Abraham Conservation Award - Individual Category

Won by Mr Hirulal Dangaura, Kailali: He represents third generation in conservation initiatives undertaken by SGP in Kailali. Started as a President School eco club and Dolphin conservation club formed by Dolphin Conservation Centre (one of the SGP grantees), he has now joined Bird Conservation Nepal (another SGP grantee engaged in Vulture Conservation) to conserve the vultures. He was also actively involved in collecting catapult- in an endevour to conserve birds and leaping dolphin. Mr Dangaura's passion for conservation was kindled in his early years itself when he became the president of his school Eco club. As president of the regional Eco-club for three year and the president of the Dolphin Club for eight years, he gathered much experience in the field of Conservation. He has led the mobilization of students for conservation activities and distribution of outreach materials. He has contributed to vulture conservation through his efforts to promote Meloxicam to reduce the usage of the veterinarian drug Diclofenac which has been gravely affecting the population of vultures. Mr Dangaura's catapult /slingshot collection programme for bird conservation has appeared often in local newspapers for its effectiveness. For the last two years, he has been mobilizing the youth from many VDCs in his district to produce street plays to spread awareness regarding biodiversity conservation. He has also brought together youth clubs and women societies for the cause of conservation through activities like roadside plantation of saplings.

2009 - Water Resources Management by Communities Award from the Hydro and Agro Informatics Institute, a public organization

Won by Bangprog Community, Pathumthani Province. The project received an honorary price of this award from HAII for its initiative to protect water course by reducing excessive nutrients from households. Village that Learns.

2009 - Honorary Master Degree in Environment

Won by Ms. Chaluay Kawaonark, project leader, Pathumthani Province. The project leader was bestowed with an Master of Science in Environment Protection from Kasetsart University on July 30, 2009.

2008 - Outstanding Woman for Environment Conservation Award

Won by Ms. Chaluay Kawaonark, project leader, Pathumthani Province. The Ministry of Social Development and Human Security bestowed this award on the International Women's Day 2008 for protecting water course by reducing excessive nutrients from households through community initiative.

2008 - Green Globe Award of the 72 Golden Jubilee Initiative by the Petroleum Authority of Thailand

Won by Ms. Chaluay Kawaonark, project leader, Pathumthani Province. The project leader was a model of real practice in waste management and youth activities at local level. Major works involved youth education, revival of traditional activities and reversal of degradation of local water course.

2008 - Equator Prize

The Conservation Society of Pohnpei, an SGP grantee, received the award for its work to create linkages between a healthy environment and a healthy economy. CSP's main activities include: supporting artisanal fishing and small-scale mariculture projects (such as sponge and coral farms); advocating for the reinstatement of state-sanctioned marine protected areas within Pohnpei Lagoon; and maintaining a network of seven community-based marine protected areas. Enforcement and monitoring combine traditional techniques with modern technology. Conservation information is disseminated to local schoolchildren and Pohnpei's 34,000 residents through interactive education campaigns.

2008 - Beautiful Forest – Clean Water Award from the CSR programme of the Siam Commercial Bank Ltd.

Won by: 

  • CBO Network for Conservation and Rehabilitation of Phu Pha Deang Forest
  • Petchabun Province, Dong Na Tharm Community Forest Network, Ubonratchathani Province
  • Lahorkkrasang Forest and Environment Conservation Network, Burirum Province
  • Phu Wiang Youth and Disables Development Association, Khonkaen Province
  • Par Dong Nong Iad Forest Conservation and Restoration Group, Roi-et Province

These SGP projects applied as candidates for the awards and were selected to receive honorary certificates based on past performance (under SGP support) and planned activities to use the monetary award effectively.

2007 - Green Globe Award of the 72 Golden Jubilee Initiative by the Petroleum Authority of Thailand

Won by Phu Pha Khao Concervation Network, Loei Province. The network was established as a result of these two SGP projects for its watershed protection. The network , now with members from 16 villages, is successful in launching wider campaigns to watch over would-be improper infrastructure development projects in Pha Khao District, Loei Province.

2006 - Green Globe Award of the 72 Golden Jubilee Initiative by the Petroleum Authority of Thailand

Won by Phu Tham Phu Kratae Rehabilitation and Conservation Group, Khonkaen Province.The group was awarded due to its up-scaled members from 15 to 27 villages in project location in 1999, followed by practicing a variety of environmentally-friendly occupation and other degradation-reversing activities.

2005 - Green Globe Award of the 72 Golden Jubilee Initiative by the Petroleum Authority of Thailand

Won by "Baan Rom Pho Thong Community,Chasoeng. Sao Province." The community was honoured for its successful community forest management with clear plan for conservation and sustainable use.

2004 - Beautiful Forest – Clean Water Award from the CSR programme of the Siam Commercial Bank Ltd.

Won by Namnao Community Forest Network, Petchabun Province. This SGP project applied as candidates for the awards and were selected to receive honorary certificates based on past performance (under SGP support) and planned activities to use the monetary award received effectively.

2003 - Green Globe Award of the 72 Golden Jubilee Initiative by the Petroleum Authority of Thailand

Won by Pathiw Coral and Environment Conservation Club, Chumphron Province. The club was established in Pathiw Witthaya School aiming to launch activities with youths in school and in communities. Later, the school was honored as a model school for environment protection at provincial level which was recognized by the Department of Environment Quality Promotion since 2001.

2001 - Green Globe Award of the 72 Golden Jubilee Initiative by the Petroleum Authority of Thailand

Won by Natural and Environmental Conservation Club of Sawastirattanaphimuk School, Trang Province. The club launched activities among youth groups in Trang and surrounding provinces to protect a water course by youth camp, monitoring water quality. Students were able to integrate activities into formal learning process , lead role in activities for new generation of students, and forge networks at national level.

2000 - Mauritius Council of Social Service International Volunteer Day Most Outstanding NGO Award

Won by Jeune Chambre Economique of Port Louis

The aim is to build environmental among Community Leaders throughout Mauritius and Rodrigues. The targeted population would be local leaders of social clubs, environmental NGOs, Community Centres, Social Welfare Centres and Citizens Advice Bureaus.

2000 - Green Globe Award of the 72 Golden Jubilee Initiative by the Petroleum Authority of Thailand

Won by Phra Khru Manus Nathee Phitak, the abbot, Phayao Province. The abbot, also this SGP project leader, was honoured as a model for Buddhists to follow in religious practice and environment conservation. He was able to link ,as a whole, bodies of local knowledge on mountain-forest ecosystems to flat plain fresh water ecosystems , thus linking harmoniously communities residing in both systems – using forest ordination and river-life prolonging rite in conservation approach.

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Contact

Ms. Sulan Chen
Programme Advisor (International Waters and Chemicals), Regional Focal Point
Phone: +1 646 781 4350
Fax: +1 646 781 4075
Email: sulan.chen@undp.org
 

Address

304 East 45th Street, 9th Floor , New York, NY 10017
 

WebSite

http://sgp.undp.org