Case Studies
Ecuador IP and Forests
Country: Ecuador; Area of work: Land Degradation  

Filesize: 232.05 kB
Educational Toys
Country: Nicaragua; Area of work: Climate Change Mitigation  

Filesize: 1.04 MB
Egypt SGP Case Study
Country: Egypt  

Filesize: 553.07 kB
Ghana SGP Case Study
Country: Ghana  

Filesize: 1.55 MB
Ghana: Communities pilot chemical free agriculture
Country: Ghana; Area of work: Chemicals; Type: Case Study; Region: Africa  

Filesize: 550.87 kB
Improved Water Management and Capacity Building for Climate Change in Cape Verde's Longueira and Covoada
As climate change continues to be one of the existential threats to humanity, local communities in Small Island Developing States (SIDS) often experience acceleration and/or intensification of its impacts due to their small land area, susceptibility to natural disasters, geographical isolation, limited natural resources and sensitive ecosystems.  
In Cape Verde, the Santiago Island is the nation's largest island, is home to 50% of the nations’ population and is the most important agriculture center. The São Lourenço dos Órgãos municipality  is located in the center of Santiago Island where the local communities of Longueira and Covoada live inside Serra do Pico de Antónia Natural Park area.  These communities are highly dependent on livestock and rain-fed small scale farming of carrots, cabbages, cassavas, corn, beans, potatoes, sweet potatoes and tomatoes for their livelihoods.  Over the years, they have been noticing increased incidences of droughts as well as variable rainfall, yet torrential when they come. As a result, their water access from an upland spring and community well have been unreliable and agricultural lands have been damaged with severe soil erosion.  Moreover, their unsustainable agricultural activities such as using exorbitant amounts of irrigation water causes floods and top soil loss and yet, the high costs of micro-irrigation systems limit their potential to cope.  Water insecurity, agricultural unreliability and health hazards pervaded the area.  As such, the communities approached the GEF Small Grants Programme (SGP) for support.
The project’s objective was to strengthen the communities’ resilience to the impacts of climate change and its variability through awareness-raising and capacity building activities in water security and natural resource management. Building on local knowledge and using a participatory approach, awareness-raising workshops were held on climate change, its short-term and long-term impacts on the communities, how they can cope in a sustainable way and how national policies can be influenced by their actions.  
The project activities for water security included the installation and maintenance of micro-irrigation systems, construction of a 50 m3 water tank of in Longueira and rehabilitation of a community water well in Covada.  These activities improved availability and quality or irrigation and potable water, especially during incidences of floods and droughts.  The water management initiatives supported agricultural activities which included the identification of drought-tolerant crops, especially those with high market value. In turn, these have led to food and water security, as well as income generating options.
Environmental Impact
The installation of micro-irrigation systems on farmers’ lands have restored .44 hectares of land, enabled water conservation and have decreased water stress on community wells and springs.  The use of organic fertilizer and planting of additional varieties of drought-tolerant species such as melons, garlic and small-scale sugar plantations have resulted to  improved cover cropping, increased tree cover and soil restoration.  Moreover, replacing the communities’ unsustainable traditional agricultural practices, which required using too much water, with drip irrigation have decreased the loss of fertile topsoil.
 Socio-Economic Impact
The awareness-raising and capacity building activities have improved the communities’ understanding of climate risks and on sustainable adaptation practices in natural resource management.  Increased access to water from conservation tanks and use of micro-irrigation systems have enabled them to farm during drought periods.   As a result, the average household monthly income had increases ranging from 258% to 1115%.   While the male farmers’ monthly incomes increased from US$ 89 to US$ 319 (+258%), the average income of the women farmers soared from US$ 26 to $US 315 (+1115%), including two women with no previous stable income and now earning approximately US$ 135 per month.
This CBA project has shown that, with support, empowered and motivated community members can find sustainable ways to adapt to climate risks that conserve their habitats while simultaneously improving their livelihoods.  As stated by Adilson Reis, President of the CBO, “It´s clear that climate change is impacting this community, and project activities have enabled farmers to practice sustainable irrigation”. He goes even further to say that “I do see new practices have been generating resources to families and it is clear that there is impact on food security, and farmers’ income, especially the ones led by women.”

Area of work: Community Based Adaptation  

Filesize: 1.26 MB
Introducing Solar Energy to Reduce Carbon Emissions and Woodcutting near the Dibeen Forest Reserve, Jordan

Deforestation is a serious issue in Jordan where only 1% of land enjoys forest cover. In support of Jordan’s National Strategy for Renewable Energy, SGP supported a four-project cluster initiative to encourage communities to transition from firewood to solar energy powered water heaters. One such project, located in the Sakeb village between Jordan’s Dibeen Forest Reserve and the Ajloun Nature Reserve, is discussed in more detail here. The project combined various strategies for sustainable forest management, including creating financial access to solar power through micro-finance, and educating community members in forest management and reforestation techniques. Due to the successful demonstration of the four projects, the initiative is currently being up-scaled with US $1.5 million in funding by the Jordan River Foundation (JRF) in communities across Jordan.

Country: Jordan; Area of work: Climate Change Mitigation  

Filesize: 1.02 MB