Characterization of sharplaninian sheep herd dog biodiversity, his dispersion and reintroduction in rural area and new breeders
Characterization of sharplaninian sheep herd dog biodiversity, his dispersion and reintroduction in rural area and new breeders
According to osteological findings presumably domestication of dogs occurred in the area of Southwest Asia and Southern Europe. Sharplaninian sheep dog represents the only native dog breed in the country. Like other indigenous races this race was created independently and natural without significant impact of human activities. It certainly represents its greatest advantage compared to other breeds. The name comes from the place of occurrence, Sar Planina Mountain. This mountain and its configuration as well the natural and geographical conditions of the region have major influence to genetic stabilization of this dog and certain geographic isolation.

In the last two decades, several activities have contributed to the promotion of this breed, first one is setting of the dog to Macedonian denar and placing the stamp application with this breed. The dog is stressed as the indigenous population, but race is left solely to the care lovers and breeders of this breed. This breed is left out in the overall legislation in the Republic of Macedonia, which is not the case with other dog breeds in the neighboring countries. Also there is no accurate record of the number of the kennel, the number of beds, the size of the population (sex ratio distribution units) application of crossbreeding with phenotypic similar races and other activities that contribute to the dropout of gene pool and uniqueness of the genome of this breed.
In the past, few studies were done were primarily aim was identification and description of the phenotype of the breed, but the result of these activities can be seen mainly in publications without concrete action for the conservation of this dog breed. The main objective of the project is the conservation of the breed, promoting and protecting of biodiversity of this breed. The main aim of this project will be accompanied by appropriate activities that would define future directions for the development and maintenance of race. Proposed project activities provide morphological characterization breed (exterior measures and their further processing, comparison with data from the literature and determine the degree of variability of the breed), establishing pedigree database in order to reduce the degree of inbreeding, but also to recognize the effective population size of the recorded population. Furthermore, the application of modern DNA methods in research genome of this breed will allow for the first time characterization of biological diversity DNA level. However, the formation of a new breeding spots on multiple locations in the state, which would be entered in the pedigree database, would actually represent a selected in situ conserved population of the breed. Finally all planed activities would result in the definition of '' identity card" of this indigenous dog breed in the Republic of Macedonia.
 

Project Snapshot

Grantee:
Macedonian ecological society
Country:
Macedonia
Area Of Work:
Biodiversity
Operational Phase:
Phase 5
Grant Amount:
US$ 24,812.00
Co-Financing Cash:
US$ 14,600.00
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 12,450.00
Project Number:
MKD/SGP/OP5/Y2/CORE/BD/12/08
Start Date:
3/2013
End Date:
5/2014
Status:
Satisfactorily Completed
Project Characteristics and Results
Emphasis on Sustainable Livelihoods
Established a database of Sharplaninian sheep dog that covers the population of the Sharplaninian sheep dog, the sheep herd breed, with recorded more than 150 individual dogs. The Database contains phenotypic data, qualitative features and information on quantitative characteristics of the recorded dogs. It is complemented with data from Kennel Association of R. Macedonia compiled since 1998 with the currently available information on the Sharplaninian sheep dog. Collected information on the degree of variability in the population at the DNA level allowed in depth knowledge of the genome of the Sharplaninian sheep dog, and for the first time of this scope, an analysis of the genome of Sharplaninian sheep dog has been performed, Breed healthy offspring of 33 Sharplaninian sheep dog that were distributed to new farmers in order to ensure the reintroduction of the breed,
Notable Community Participation
Identified rural areas in Northeastern and Southwestern Region of the Republic Macedonia and interested breeders that enabled location of ten new sites where new Sharplaninian sheep dog were donated, Breed healthy offspring of 33 Sharplaninian sheep dog that were distributed to new farmers in order to ensure the reintroduction of the breed,
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Indicators
Biophysical
Number of globally significant species protected by project 1
Empowerment
Number of CBOs / NGOs formed or registered through the SGP project 1
Livehood
Number of individuals (gender diaggregated) who have benefited* from SGP project 100

Grantee Contact

Mr Nacko Savovski
Phone: 0038922402774
Email: contact@mes.org.mk;
 

Address

Institut za biologija, PMF, 1000 Skopje
Skopje , --select-- , 1000
 

Website

http://www.mes.org.mk

SGP Country office contact

Mr. Zlatko Samardziev
Phone:
+389-(0)2-310-99-56
Fax:
+389-(0)2-310-99-56
Email:
Ms Melita Ivanova
Phone:
+389-(0)2-310-99-56
Fax:
+389-(0)2-310-99-56
Email:

Address

Majka Tereza 15/6
Skopje, 1000