PEAT SWAMP FOREST REHABILITATION AT RAJA MUSA FOREST RESERVE THROUGH COMMUNITY ACTION
Raja Musa Forest Reserve (RMFR) is located in the north western part of Selangor. It is part of the North Selangor Peatswamp Forest (NSPSF) – which is the largest peat swamp forest complex in the West Coast of Peninsular Malaysia. It is approximately 25,656 ha in area cover and of this 1,000 ha was degraded due to illegal encroachment and frequent fire episodes. NSPSF plays an important role to the well-being of the local community who lived near the forest. Locally the NSPSF plays an important role in supplying water for domestic use (Tanjong Karang and Sekinchan); irrigating water for agricultural areas especially the rice fields and as well as source of protein (freshwater swamp fisheries). Project activities include formation of a stakeholders committee, capacity building of the local community in rehabilitation of degraded peat swamp area with water management, implementation of rehabilitation strategies, peat swamp forest awareness programme with the local community and dissemination of education materials, evaluation and monitoring of project activities for state and national communication. Local communities are the key stakeholders and they will be trained and engaged in the project. The local community will be involved in decision making, be mobilized and trained to take local action to conserve biodiversity and be prepared to combat the predicted impact of climate change such as forest fire and haze, which are related to GEF & SGP focal areas. Public education, improved stewardship, and integrated land management are required to ensure protection of the Selangor peatland. It is important that landowners and land users are knowledgeable and involved in making decisions regarding peatland to benefit both people and nature.
 

Project Snapshot

Grantee: Pertubuhan Sahabat Hutan Gambut Selangor Utara
Country: Malaysia
Area Of Work: Biodiversity
Land Degradation
Operational Phase: Phase 5
Grant Amount: US$ 48,480.00
Co-Financing Cash: US$ 13,500.00
Co-Financing in-Kind: US$ 26,000.00
Project Number: MAL/SGP/OP5/Y3/STAR/BD/13/07
Start Date: 2/2014
End Date: 8/2016
Status: Currently under execution
Project Characteristics and Results
Project sustainability
Local support and active participation of local people in restoration and management is directly aimed at facilitating local community responsibility for the area. Potential peat swamp forest degradation remains a threat to restored areas and local people’s continued stewardship will provide protection which institutional authorities may be unable to provide alone. Capacity building of FNSPSFA through a training and implementation programmes involving government partners and other stakeholders; • Organize community training on peatland water management and fire prevention in collaboration with Drainage and Irrigation Department and Fire & Rescue Department • Support initiative from FNSPSFA to develop sustainable ecotourism related to peat swamp forest and water including establishing an interpretative trail in Sungai Karang Forest Reserve with safety facilities (near to Agrotourism Homestay) & produce local hand crafts from peat swamp forest resources • Establish a network of community groups and organise an annual forum on community based natural resource management to exchange successful experience in ecosystem restoration and community livelihood.
Replication of project activities
The project will therefore be implemented not only focusing on local restoration, but on demonstration of, and provision of a documentary model for, community based peat swamp forest rehabilitation. In support of this, the project will: • Provide a documented model of low-cost hydrologic restoration of peat swamp forest, and the biodiversity based benefits provided through “natural regeneration”; • Provide documented models for local income generating livelihoods, complementary to peat swamp forest rehabilitation; • Provide a documented model on local collaborative peat swamp forest management; • Publish models in appropriate media; participate in fora to extend findings; and to convene a specific regional workshop aimed at replication through promotion of the projects principals, approach and techniques.
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