Conservation of Biodiversity in the Prut River basin
Conservation of Biodiversity in the Prut River basin
Wetlands are defined as stretches of backwaters, marshes, rivers natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, where water is standing or flowing, fresh or salt, including stretches of sea water whose depth at low tide does not exceed six meters. Over the past decades, due to the unregulated humans impact, the wetlands have undergone intense degradation processes globally. The consequences are dramatic for both the local communities that depend on the economic and social wealth wetlands and nature globally. Unfortunately, the remaining wetlands are facing depletion and hydrological, ecological and environmental problems.

The Ramsar Convention establishes the national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and the resources they offer. Moldova ratified the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as a Waterfowl Habitat, by Parliament Decision no. 504-XVI of 14 July 1999 and became a member of the Convention in June 2000.

By implementing the project, MEM aims to bring the enlargement agenda Moldovan authorities Wetlands (ZU). Middle Prut, occupying over 300 km of 700 km, crossing the territory of Moldova can serve largely as a model for Wetlands return in the natural environment, to demonstrate lively how they can become ecosystems (1) the most efficient and cost-effective ways of mitigation of natural disasters as floods and droughts, turning into "deposits of strategic freshwater", which feeds the river in the region in years without sufficient rainfall, and (2) that can create opportunities for local communities in providing products and natural services (water, fish, venison, wood energy, etc.). In the area of ??project implementation, there were still kept separately from one another, many ecosystems which have the Wetland necessary characteristics like: "La Fontal" lake relict, the elders of the Prut and Camenca rivers: Potcoava, Chilia, Gârla C?rbun?ria, kilometrul 1005, Balta Ursului, Stari?a ?iganca, ?ara Bâtlanilor, (326 ha). It is worth mentioning that the Wetland identified areas (326 ha) are part of the nature reserve of "Padurea Domneasca" founded in July 1993 on an area of ??6032 ha, which has the status of floodplain forests,being one of the most valuable and old floodplain forests in Europe. According to surveys and assessments made by experts in the field, over a hundred thousand birds annually are lodging, nesting and stationing within the reserve.

In this context, MEM together with the Administration of "Padurea Domneasca", in cooperation with the Ministry of Environmental and Glodeni Council District proposes to prepare the necessary documents to establish by law the status of National Wetland to the 8 identified water areas, falling under the requirements of the Ramsar Convention: 1.Lacul La Fontal (LF) – which is a relict lake with rich biodiversity in flora and fauna species included in the Red Book of Moldova; 2. Potcoava – elder (dead arm) of the Prut River; 3. Chilia - elder (dead arm) of the Camenca river; 4. Gârla C?rbun?ria, lacustrine ecosystem; 5. Kilometrul 1005 - elder of the Prut River; 6. Balta Ursului - elder of the Prut river; 7. ?iganca - elder of the Camenca river. 8. ?ara Bâtlanilor a rich and a representative ecosystem, which can be taken under the state protection as a Wetland - a territory of 15-20 thousand ha, actually an island between the rivers Prut grind and Camca river.

This could be the biggest Wetland created in the Prut river, which would retain a large amount of water as a natural incubator biodiversity. It is worth mentioning that the areas identified for conferring the status of Wetland (326 ha) will be included as areas in the nature reserve "Padurea Domneasca" founded in July 1993 on an area of ??6032 ha, which has the status of floodplain forests, one of most valuable and old floodplain forests in Europe.

Wetland protection allows to maintain a meadow microclimate and help keep humidity in the meadow that would facilitate development of the biodiversity of flora and fauna, feeding the river water region.

With this project proposal, it is willing a cooperation with relevant institutions of the state, the Central Environmental Authority, local government, businesses, people, etc., to expand wetlands in the Prut river basin as creating a register of all protected areas Prut river basin, including existing wetlands that are not taken under state protection. NGO EMM will submit a memorandum to governments RO-MD for organizing a common system of protected areas and wetlands basin Prut will require the makers to develop a joint plan for biodiversity conservation and expansion of protected areas and creating the first cross-border park that will provide a common approach to the impact of natural disasters.

Finally, the processes involved and stimulated by this project should generate a common vision of sustainable development of the Prut River basin, becoming part of government programs.
 
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Project Snapshot

Grantee:
AO Miscarea Ecologista din Moldova
Country:
Moldova
Area Of Work:
Biodiversity
Operational Phase:
Phase 5
Grant Amount:
US$ 43,463.00
Co-Financing Cash:
US$ 12,103.01
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 39,749.63
Project Number:
MDA/SGP/OP5/Y3/STAR/BD/13/11
Start Date:
7/2014
End Date:
7/2016
Status:
Satisfactorily Completed
Project Characteristics and Results
Gender Focus
Both the implementing team and the expert are selected according to their professional abilities. At the design stage of the project, both women and men participated. In the activities within the project the equilibrium between men and women will be considered. In the activity of the Ecological Movement, 80% of the organization's leaders are women., which are promoted and supported. The project was designed within the PA Miscarea Ecologista din Moldova by a mixed team fairly reflected from the perspective of gender equality. It’s worth mentioning that women were involved in all stages of the project. The implementation, though provided by the Moldovan Ecological Movement team, was also possible thanks to the involvement of local community people. In this regard, it is necessary to mention the participation of 12 biology teachers who supported the development of ecological education classes. Along with the involvement of youth in the sanitation activities, adults (biology teachers and locals) have also sanitized the most important sectors in their own villages. Their active involvement has shown that they have become aware of the natural heritage that is close to them and that they are able to organize themselves to solve environmental problems.
Project sustainability
In order to enhance the sustainability of the project, during the project implementation, the project team considered the Moldavian environmental legal system which is close to the EU legislation. Thus, as well as the project's priorities were considered: 1. The strategy regarding the biological diversity in Republic of Moldova for 2015-2020, which aimed to improve the biodiversity status by safeguarding ecosystems, species and the genetic diversity via the following actions: - creating the institutional and legislative framework that would contribute to stopping the biodiversity loss; - flora and fauna conservation; protecting the genetically resources and sharing the benefits after using them; - extending the sustainable management of natural areas protected by state; - creating the mechanisms for the ecosystem services; - resource mobilization for biodiversity conservation. 2. The Environmental Strategy for 2014-2023, aiming also to ensure the rational use, protection and conservation of natural resources. It is worth mentioning that the project's efforts to connect the priorities of the nature conservation with the ecotourism concept can be found in the Strategy of the sustainable development of the ecotourism in Republic of Moldova for the period 2003-2015, which has as an objective - the ecological sustainability, which guarantees a proper development by respecting the biological diversity and biological resources. Also, as a result of the bilateral meetings with the Romanian part, the administration of the Padurea Domneasca Natural Reservce is interested in fundraising in order to create a trans-boundary park and to improve its infrastructure, including the one related to the wetlands.
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Indicators
Biophysical
Hectares of globally significant biodiversity area protected or sustainably managed by project 326
Livehood
Number of individuals (gender diaggregated) who have benefited* from SGP project 2000

Grantee Contact

Mr Renita Alecu
Phone: +373 79 409 470
Email: mem@mem.md
 

Address

Serghei Lazo str., 13
Chisinau , MD-2012

SGP Country office contact

Mr. Denis Parea
Phone:
+373 22 839-876
Fax:
+373 22 839-876
Email:
Ms. Olga Terehovschi
Phone:
+373 22 839876
Fax:
+373 22 839876
Email:

Address

29 Sf.Tarii str., of. 306A
Chisinau, MD-2012