Enhancement of Agricultural Productivity at Community Level as the Effect of Climate Change
Climate change has led to an increase in irregular weather events such as extreme drought and severe floods, storms, cyclones and heat waves, which have had a significant impact on agricultural production, the environment, economic growth and the society as a whole. The severity and frequency of floods and droughts have increased in the Lao PDR, with a significant impact on agriculture. Extreme droughts in the dry season and severe floods in the rainy season have become common, with negative effects on agricultural production and food sufficiency. Lao farmers living in rural areas are especially hit hard because they are among the poorest and are losing their food security. This is further intensified in Savannakhet Province due to the topographical location of the province. Especially smallholders are affected by the weather events and especially by the long lasting droughts in Savannakhet as they are more vulnerable to changes in weather and rely on the crops for subsistence and income through 1-2 cash crops. This will be further enhanced by climate change as it is expected to bring severe drought conditions to Laos, with agricultural yields possibly falling by 10 per cent by 2020 and 30 per cent by the year 2050. As a result of these challenges, the purpose of this proposed 2 year project is to focus on enhancing agricultural production among smallholders in Phakkhagna Village, Outhomphone District, Savannakhet Province, Lao PDR, which has been previously hit hard by droughts, especially in the last few years as the dry season lasted longer combined with a shorter rainy season. This proposed project will use a community-centered approach and is designed to support the poor with sustainable livelihood improvements, especially increasing food security for smallholders through improved access to rain fed water and groundwater during the dry season and soil improvements by using waste material. In order to implement the project and take into consideration the local needs in the selected villages, the project works closely with the local communities, including most distant communities to develop capacity for sustainable natural resources management. The project also evenly includes woman and men in the process as their needs in regards to the adjustment to droughts and providing food security is different and all aspects will be considered. This inclusion will guarantee the effective delivery of the technical assistance and ensures that adequate information, knowledge, and skills are transferred in a sustainable way through several practical workshops and documentation of the process and outcomes. The requested GEF SGP fund for this project is 35.000 USD, which will be co-financed by in-kind contribution by the Faculty of Water Resources, National University of Laos (2.100 USD, 6 %) by using offices and office equipment as well as by in-kind contribution by the villages in Outhomphone District (1,400 USD, 4 %) by providing meeting rooms for the practical workshops and assistance in the survey process and the implementation of the changes on the ground.
Faculty of Water Resources, National University of Laos
Area Of Work:
Community Based Adaptation
Climate Change Mitigation
Climate Change Mitigation
Currently under execution
Project Characteristics and Results
Emphasis on Sustainable Livelihoods
A participatory village development process will be assisted by DAFO and the Lao Women Union (LWU). A participatory project benefit survey will be conducted before commencing the project. . This will be a mechanism to evaluate project impacts on socio-economic, livelihoods, food security, and poverty reduction in the target village. The project will provide farmer groups with training for livelihood adaptation to climate change, trial and demonstration of improved agricultural techniques and access to markets. These activities will ensure that the socio-economic factors of farmer groups have improved.
Notable Community Participation
Based on a large youth cohort in the area which is entering adulthood and starting to participate in the labor market, this project will tap into the potential of this cohort of young workers through productive employment opportunities in the project activities. The selection of youth involvement will be based on the recommendations of youth organizations at the village level.
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Tadthong Campus, Faculty of Water Resources, National University of Laos
Vientiane , South-East Asia ,