Conservation and Rehabilitation of Ream Mountain Landscape for improving livelihood of community in Svay leur Commune
Conservation and Rehabilitation of Ream Mountain Landscape for improving livelihood of community in Svay leur Commune
Svay Leu was one of communes with abundant natural resources, rich soil, plenty of forest and non-timber forest products (NTFPs) and wildlife including water holes where there were plenty of fish represented an important economic base for the population in the commune. Like the whole Svay Leu district, Svay Leu commune at present faces with many key challenges as follows:
1. Large scale deforestation: Due to its physical extent there were large influx of people from other areas to engage in logging to get timber for building their houses as well as for land claim for farming including slash and burnt practices without considering if it was legal or illegal. Overall, forest management by the commune is not effective. The aforementioned activities and its location on Kulen upland had contributed an important cause of significant forest cover loss that has led to change in flows downstream of Siem Reap and Chikreng rivers in Tonle Sap floodplain therefore grossly affecting the health and growth of fish and biodiversity.
At the same the (forest) resource management structure remains weak with flaw and recently a community forestry (CF) ? Boung Mealea CF - was organized in Svay Leu district and registered with the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. The district authority also plans to establish five more CFs ? 3 in Kantuort, 1 in Beoung Meala, and 1 in Svay Le, i.e., at Angkanh village (Phnom Ream) covering 350 ha but no support has been provided. It is worth noting also that a forest 1,121 ha has been identified and allocated for CF designation. In the consultation with commune and district councils and with forestry administration triage to develop the project proposal it was agreed as the first step that only 350 ha forest at Phnom Ream is designated as CF area to be supported by the project.
1. Limited access to water by Svay Leu population: Due to severe impact of natural disaster from climate change irregular rainfall and prolong dry spells have been felt in the area and the irrigation scheme including natural water holes and reservoirs are dry out in the dry season particularly O?Angkanh at Angkanh village and O?Pram Pyeam of Svay Leu commune. These water channels have high potential for bringing water from Kulen water fall to irrigating farms, however the low rainfall can only provide water for irrigation in the wet season. At the dry season since a spillway built since the ancient time has been almost entirely destroyed and thus water in the channels simply flows downstream and thus it cannot be stored and as a result rice and other crops over about 180 ha are left to die with some gives only low yield and the people?s income is thus significantly impacted. To supplement their lost crops they normally take their time to look for NTFPs including illegally logging for large timbers. About 90% of people in the area rely almost exclusively on doing rice farming and other extensive cash crops and livestock farming. Moreover a significant number of people from Svay Leu commune, about 991 households, do not have access to sufficient water for household use and traditionally this is the responsibility of women and children as they deal with household tasks. Only the well-off households are able to purchase water while the poor have to spend significant time to travel far from home to get water for domestic use. This has exposed them to risks such as sexual assault.
2. Goal
Phnom Ream landscape of Svay Leu commune is improved with local people sustainably participated in resource conservation. The Conservation and development of Phnom Ream landscape, Svay Leu commune, to contribute to promotion of local community livelihood project has specific objectives as follows:
Objective 1: By early 2018 Phnom Ream CF is established to manage 350 forest and has entered into an agreement with Forestry Administration Cantonment and is able to expand forest cover by planting 10,000 forest tree, fruit trees, and flowers at places where that are heavily degraded and in public places of Svay Leu commune.
Objective 2: 4694 people, 2360 women, from 991 households have improved livelihood as they have access sufficient water for farming and domestic use with their 2 spill ways rehabilitated and changed their practices to climate smart agriculture (CSA).
Objective 3: By the end of the project key activities of the project will be documented in the form of video story and case studies on success examples by selected households for sharing and dissemination to other communities, relevant stakeholders and policy makers.
Output 1.1: At least 25 participants, 7 women, from district council and governor, commune councils, chiefs of all 7 villages of Svay Leu commune and other relevant stakeholders such as representatives from Forestry Administration, provincial Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Department of Water Resources and Meteorology, women, youth, elders, school principals, and NGOs active in Svay Leu commune are aware of the conservation and development of Phnom Ream landscape, Svay Leu commune, to contribute to promotion of local community livelihood and provided practical recommendations for the success for the project through a one day meeting organized by ANKO in collaboration with district council at ANKO sub-office.
Activity 1.1.1: ANKO staff organizing a one day meeting with district councilors at ANKO sub-office to present the objective, program, schedule and venue and define participants to the meeting to share the project information to relevant stakeholders prior to the start of the project implementation.
Activity 1.1.2: ANKO staff in collaboration with district councilors to convene a one day meeting at Svay Leu district office to present the project to 25 participants, 7 women, including district councilors, commune councilors, women representatives, youth, elders, school principle, and NGOs, 7 women.
Output 1.2: A group of 12 members, 3 women, of a CF management committee is established with collaborative facilitation by district council and commune officials and ANKO and in collaboration with FA representatives.
Activity 1.2.1: ANKO staff organized for a one day meeting with district and commune councils and FA to develop a CF development plan at Phnom Ream.
Activity 1.2.2: 4 Members from FA, district and commune councils, and ANKO conduct a two days outreach on benefits of CF to local people at Angkanh village with 436 households, develop a membership list, and select candidates for CF management committee election.
Activity 1.2.3: A one day CF management committee election process facilitated with the participation of 10 FA staff, district and commune councilors, and ANKO staff with the participation of district governor and other relevant units based near Phnom Ream.
Activity 1.2.4: A one day meeting of the 12 elected management committee members, 3 women, held at ANKO sub-office to elect for a chairperson, a vice chair, a secretary, a financier, and members of the CF management committee.
Output 1.3: Other relevant supporting documents for the Phnom Ream CF are formally endorsed by FA.
Activity 1.3.1: A one day meeting of the 12 management committee members to develop a draft by-law and internal rule of the CF.
Activity 1.3.2: A one day meeting of all 12 management committee members who are responsible for each area held with all 436 CF members from each household at Angkanh village to approve on the by-law and internal rule.
Activity 1.3.3: Produce by-law and internal rule as the CF?s formal documents.
Activity 1.3.4: Identification of CF boundary by district and commune councilors and the 12 members of the CF management committee to develop a CF map for a 5 years CF management plan.
Activity 1.3.5: A district councilor and 12 CF management committee members develop main and supporting documents to submit for acknowledgement by FA Cantonment.
Activity 1.3.6: A half day meeting of 50 participants at Svay Leu district office including 20 village representatives and all the CF management committee members, relevant agencies and NGOs to launch the Phnom Ream CF at Angkanh village with the agreement by CF Cantonment.
Output 1.4: At least 12 CF management committee members, 3 women, are trained to build their capacity on the their role and responsibility, their bi-monthly meeting and semi-annual meetings using spider web tool and study visits to other CFs in or outside of the province.
Activity 1.4.1: Provision of a two days training at Svay Leu district office to the 12 CF management committee members on their roles and responsibility, how to assess capacity using spider web tool and facilitated by ANKO program director.
Activity 1.4.2: Organizing a one day meeting of the 12 CF management committee members at village office.
Activity 1.4.3: A three days study visit by the 12 CF management committee members and district governor, a district councilor and a commune councilor and a staff member from ANKO to other province.
Output 1.5: The Phnom Ream CF has a clear boundary fixed with 20 principal markers and 40 supplementing poles, and with 4 billboards to raise awareness with the community and a guard post.
Activity 1.5.1: Advertising for bidders to deliver the boundary markers and billboards.
Activity 1.5.2: Bidding process and filling the contract forms.
Activity 1.5.3: Placement of boundary markers and the billboards.
Activity 1.5.4: A monitoring process.
Output 1.6: A guard post 7m x 5m covered with tin roof and with wood floor is built for the CF to patrol and patrolling equipment including long boots, hammocks, flash lights, uniforms, ponchos, and 4 radios.
Activity 1.6.1: An ANKO staff member holds a meeting with district and commune councilors and the 12 CF management committee members to mobilize labor, finance, equipment and time for building the guard post.
Activity 1.6.2: Building the guard post.
Activity 1.6.3: Purchase of 10 sets of patrol gears for patrol team ? long boots, hammocks, flashlights, uniforms, hammocks and radios.
Output 1.7: 10,000 seedlings of forest and fruit trees and flowers are planted by local villagers in Svay Leu commune at the heavily degraded areas and in public places such as school, road sides, river banks and by households to contribute to compensate forest cover that was lost.
Activity 1.7.1: A one day meeting at ANKO sub-office with 25 selected participants of the 7 villages of Svay Leu commune to develop a tree planting plan including development of tree nursery, identification of sites for planting, and finance to cover costs.
Activity 1.7.2: Participation with FA Triage to develop a tree nursery, 15m x 20m at Angkanh village.
Activity 1.7.3: Villager representatives from the 7 villages develop a list of volunteers to participate in tree planting event.
Activity 1.7.4: Representatives from the 7 villages delivering 10,000 tree seedlings for planting.
Activity 1.7.5: Organizing a tree planting event.
Objective 2
Output 2.1: Two spillways ? 28 m in total length, with 5 m top width and 20 m base width and 3.8 m high rehabilitated in Angkanh and Trapeang Kteas villages to benefit 4694 people, 2360 women, from 991 households in 5 villages ? Angkanh, Rorlum, Touk, Rumchek, and Trapeang Kteas of Svay Leu commune for implementation of CSA and a spillway management and use committee is established to sustain the initiative.
Activity 2.1.1: ANKO staff members convening a meeting with commune and district councilors and provincial Department of Water Resources to inform of the spillway rehabilitation and request for their collaboration.
Activity 2.1.2: Development a project bidding document by Svay Leu commune.
Activity 2.1.3: Advertising for bidders by Svay Leu commune.
Activity 2.1.4: Selection of contractors and sign an agreement by commune procurement committee, district council representative and ANKO representatives.
Activity 2.1.5: Five Monitoring visits by a monitoring committee to review the project implementation and its delivery.
Activity 2.1.6: Five separate meetings with 250 people from 5 villages to select 10 members, 5 women, to the spillway management and use committee to sustain the project achievement.
Output 2.2: At least 20 households, 7 women headed households, participated in climate smart agriculture method received a training for 3 days, facilitated by technical staff of Svay Leu agricultural office.
Activity 2.2.1: Researchers (Students from Siem Reap University) conduct baseline and end-line surveys.
Activity 2.2.2: Selection of 20 model HHs to receive training with a focus on CF membership with residence near the rehabilitated spillways.
Activity 2.2.3: Meeting with agricultural specialists to develop n training plan.
Activity 2.2.4: A three days training held at Svay Leu district office for 20 selected households, 8 women, facilitated by an agricultural specialist and selection of 5 volunteered households for piloting the climate smart agriculture.
Output 2.3: At least 5 households that had received training volunteered to pilot the initiative.
Activity 2.3.1: Piloting the initiative.
Activity 2.3.2: Provision of seeds and equipment
Activity 2.3.3: ANKO staff members and agricultural specialist conduct M&E and provide coaching from house to house.
Objective 3: Consists of 2 outputs as follows:
Output 3.1: By the end of the project there will be a case study and a video story of the Conservation and development of Phnom Ream landscape, Svay Leu commune, to contribute to promotion of local community livelihood project for dissemination and awareness raising.
Activity 3.1.1: ANKO staff members collect information of the piloting households to develop a case study
Activity 3.1.2: ANKO staff members take pictures of key project activities to develop into a video story.
Output 3.2: By the end of the project key activities will be documented as video story and a case study developed on success of selected volunteered HHs for sharing and dissemination to other communities, relevant stakeholders and policy makers.
Activity 3.2.1: ANKO staff members hold a meeting with district councilors to develop a plan for a one day workshop at Svay Leu district office ? list of invitees, schedule, and venue).
Activity 3.2.2: A one day workshop held in Svay Leu district complex with 100 participants from relevant communities and stakeholder and policy makers to consolidate the project delivery.

Project Snapshot

Area Of Work:
Community Based Adaptation
Land Degradation
Operational Phase:
Phase 6
Grant Amount:
US$ 47,915.00
Co-Financing Cash:
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 47,771.00
Project Number:
Start Date:
End Date:
Currently under execution
Hectares of globally significant biodiversity area protected or sustainably managed by project 350
Number of CBOs / NGOs participated / involved in SGP project 2
Hectares of land sustainably managed by project 50
Increase in household income by increased income or reduced costs due to SGP project 436

Grantee Contact

Ms. Samnan LOV
Phone: 855 12993152


House No. 292, Street 208, Peal Nheaek Commune, Pteas Prey Commune
Pursat , Asia ,

SGP Country office contact

Ms. Navirak NGIN
+(855-23) 860900 Ext.1958
Ms. Socheata Kim
855 860900 Ext.1958


Phnom Penh Center, 2nd Floor (Block B), Room 238, Corner Sothearos & Sihanouk Blvd, Tonle Bassac, Chamcamor B
Phnom Penh