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Monday, 16 November 2020 14:22

Rapport de l’étude sur la consommation du bois énergie par les communautés riveraines du parc national de Douala-Edéa dans le cadre de la REDD+ : cas de l’arrondissement d’Edéa 1er

Written by aime.kamga
  • Type: Report/Publication, Country Publication
  • Source: Organisation des femmes actives pour le développement durable (OFADED)
  • Languages:
  • Focal Areas: Biodiversity, Climate Change Mitigation
  • Priority Groups: Women
  • Countries: Cameroon
  • Partnerships: NGO Environmental Governance Project
  • Region: Africa
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Carried out between April and May 2020, the main objective of this study was to contribute to the rational and sustainable management of forest ecosystems in Douala Edéa National Park and its surroundings as well as the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions due to to deforestation and forest degradation (REDD +) through the analysis of the consumption of firewood in urban and rural households in the Edéa 1er district. The study methodology consisted of a documentary review; development of a sampling plan, survey frames and field implementation with 316 households and points of sale. The results of this study reveal, after analyzing the data in Excel software, that firewood is the most used source of energy in households in the Edéa 1er sub division (94.30%), followed by domestic gas (51.58%), then charcoal (27.53%) and wood particles (sawdust and shavings 5.69%). Oil and electricity come in fifth and sixth place with 1.58% and 0.94% respectively. However, we note the absence of bioenergy such as biogas and bio charcoal. In addition, spatial analysis shows that when moving from highly urbanized areas to less urbanized areas, there is an increase in the use of wood as an energy source. Coal and gas, on the other hand, have the opposite trend. The sub division of Edéa 1er with an estimated population of 200,000 inhabitants consumes an average of 419,725.263 m3 of firewood per year, or approximately 285,413,179 tonnes for an estimated amount of FCFA 2,057,495,242, or US $ 3,717,715.415. This consumption represents the equivalent of 743 ha of forest per year with a derived CO2 rate of 523,733.183 tonnes released into the atmosphere annually. This means that to stop the degradation of forests due to the consumption of firewood, REDD + will have to provide a financial counterpart of US $ 5,003.65 per hectare and per year although only 46.7% of the population would agree to give up use of firewood. 99.37% of this wood comes from surrounding forests and 0.63% from waste from processing units. A household with an average of 6.59 people consumes an average of 14.31 m3 of wood per year with an annual CO2 release of 2.78 tons. Recommendations are made to capitalize on the results of this study by the various key players in the fuelwood sector such as MINFOF, NGOs, consumers as well as other users of the results of this work in different contexts.
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