Alleviating rural poverty through mitigation of human wildlife conflict
Alleviating rural poverty through mitigation of human wildlife conflict
Samrang gewog is one of the remotest gewogs in Samdrup Jongkhar Dzongkhag (District) and has high rate of poverty incidence i.e. 57% of people is living below poverty line as per 2008 poverty survey. The villages comprises of 27 Households, 6 (six) government infrastructures and has the total population of about 150 on the ground.

The gewog is situated in wildlife conflicted area and this is one of the reasons for poverty. The agriculture fields, livestock and properties are damaged and harmed by wild animals especially elephants thereby discouraging people in the communities to practice agriculture production and rearing of livestock. Thus, the gewog faced heightened problem of human wildlife conflict. Therefore, there was a pressing need for some mitigation measures to reduce and resolve human wildlife conflict.

The project “Alleviating rural poverty through mitigation of human wildlife conflict” was initiated in 2012 by Gewog Environmental Conservation Tshogpa (GECT) in partnership with GEF Small Grants Programme Bhutan to mitigate human wildlife conflict through installation of solar fence and sustainable measures to prevent elephants encroaching farmland whilst alleviating the rural poverty in the gewog.
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Project Snapshot

Gewog Environmental Conservation Tshogpa
Area Of Work:
Grant Amount:
US$ 40,500.00
Co-Financing Cash:
US$ 10,000.00
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 14,300.00
Project Number:
Satisfactorily Completed
Project Characteristics and Results
Project sustainability
High Sustainability: Community was sensitized and advocated on know-how of solar fencing, sustainable practice of preventing elephant encroachment was undertaken and community was actively involved in implementation of project.
Replication of project activities
The success of solar fencing in mitigating human wildlife conflict encouraged local governments (Dzongkhags) to include solar fencing as one of the activities in their 11th Five Year Plan.
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SGP Country office contact

Mr. Tenzin Wangchuk
Mr. Tshering Phuntsho
009752322424 (ext:330)


UN House, Peling Lam (Street), Kawajangsa, Thimphu, P.O. Box No. 162
Thimphu, Bhutan, 11001