Community based land management at Yangmalashing
Community based land management at Yangmalashing
Yangmalashing is the remotest village under Dechhenling Gewog, Nganglam Dungkhag. The village name is derived from the tree called Yangmalashing (Carpinus sp.) about seven generations ago. The village is located in the isolated broad leaved forest 61 households consisting of 419 people. There is no access to road and it takes more than seven hours to reach Yangmalashing on foot from nearest road point. Today the villagers own 88 hectares of orange orchards and more than 260 hectares of dry land.
Most of Yangmalashing falls under Daling formation stratigraphically overlaying Shumar formation which is usually unstable (Long et al., 2011 b). Owing to such fragile geological formations, north facing slope with high rainfall conditions making the village highly vulnerable to land degradation.
The village have a history of terrible land degradation experiences. Two decades ago, a massive landslide had occurred in area measuring 35 hectares at Yangmalashing. The landslides occurred firstly at the lower parts of the village and gradually progress upwards and washed away the village. This slide washed away 17 hectares of cultivated land of eight households, displaced three houses and destroyed three village stupas. Seeing the vulnerability of villagers to these gradually increasing degraded land and slide area every monsoons, government encouraged the villagers for resettlement but villagers didn’t want to leave their huge orange orchards and land of their forefathers.
Recognizing the high vulnerability of entire village being washed away if timely intervention and mitigating measures are not taken, a Community-Based Group (CBO) consisting of 46 households called Yangmalashing Sarikakcha Tshogpa (YSKT) carried out the project “Community based land management at Yangmalashing” with an objective to protect Yangmalashing village and stabilize and improve degraded area.
Through the project sustainable land management practices were adopted; firstly the group protected 85 acres of degraded land, vegetative conservation and structural conservation measures were taken. The group constructed 25 numbers of stone and bamboo check dams at critical gullies, constructed a stone gabion wall and developed numbers of brush layering at strategic locations and approximately 27000 of native trees saplings, bamboo rhizomes and Napier grass plantation was carried under the project.
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Project Snapshot

Yangmalashing Sari Kakcha Tshogpa
Area Of Work:
Land Degradation
Grant Amount:
US$ 15,250.00
Co-Financing Cash:
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 4,000.00
Project Number:
Satisfactorily Completed
Project Characteristics and Results
Project sustainability
High sustainability: The group and entire village have witnessed how the sustainable land management practices have stabilized the degraded area and protected their village. Beneficiaries were actively involved in implementation of project activities thus ensuring the ownership to the project. Moreover, the group have developed bylaws, initially have minimal sum of money as seed money and each households will make annual contribution to that seed money to timely maintain the fences, check dams and gabion wall and carry out the plantation.
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SGP Country office contact

Mr. Tenzin Wangchuk
Mr. Tshering Phuntsho
009752322424 (ext:330)


UN House, Peling Lam (Street), Kawajangsa, Thimphu, P.O. Box No. 162
Thimphu, Bhutan, 11001