Demonstration of low carbon solar home systems and afforestation in Qnafna
Demonstration of low carbon solar home systems and afforestation in Qnafna
Project site is located in Zoba Debub, Sub-Zoba Mai-Ayni, villages of Qnafna administrative Centre (Qnafna, Adi Samray, and Andaba Shgundi). This administrative centre is located about 30km from Mendefera and 22km from existing medium volt line. Total population 2,000 making 252 households composed of both Christian and Muslim religions.
Most of the inhabitants are depending on subsistence agriculture. In Qnafna there is one health station serving for 15 villages and an elementary school serving for 7 villages in addition to this there is an office of administrative centre, Church and Mosque. So far the area has not benefited much from outside support and has remained cut off from development measures in the region. Discussion with the village administrators and elders reveals that the need for solar home system is very crucial..
Hence, the action would specifically address the problems of
• The lack of demonstrated low carbon technologies applicable to the rural context for marginalised populations in Eritrea
• The absence of lighting and power in homes resulting in poor living conditions and decreased house-hold income generating activities;
• The inadequate health services due to lack of refrigeration and power for the general services;
• The absence of enhanced teaching aids in schools and poor living conditions for the teachers for lack of energy.
The project will address the needs of the general population living in Qnafna Administrative area which are suffering from inadequate and inconsistent energy services and as a result have almost no social and economic services.
Women and young children would specially benefit from better lighting and medical services as they constitute the sectors of the society that suffer disproportionately from the effects of energy deprived social services. Moreover, the project would enable students in the project target area to get better educational services both at home and in their schools through solar power systems which would deliver more consistent energy supply.
If the energy crisis in the rural Eritrea is to be tackled, projects that integrate energy, environment and socio-economic development, reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (from kerosene lighting, gensets) and other pollutants, ensure advancement of women and children, and improve environmental quality are urgently required so as to improve the quality of rural life. The rural-urban gap in access to modern energy services will remain unchanged if rural people have to wait for grid-based electrification, which is showing very slow progress and is costly. Therefore, there is a significant need for the promotion of decentralized energy technologies, particularly renewable energy-based ones with focus on the grid-remote areas, to complement grid-based electrification efforts. Thus, the solar PV systems will be at the forefront of providing decentralized, clean and dependable energy services to those most in need.
The proposed action supports the rural electrification program of the Ministry of Energy and Mines (MoEM). The Government recently renewed its intention to promote extensive energy services in general and solar and wind energy technologies in particular. The energy interventions identified in the proposed action is expected to contribute to an improvement of the social and economic conditions of the targeted households through the provision of renewable, sustainable, decentralized solar PV based systems in line with the objectives of GEF/SGP because it promotes the implementation of technologies which can reduce emission of greenhouse gases like CO2. As a result it contributes towards reduction of global environmental problems (abatement of climate change).
Eritrea is endowed with good solar resources. Therefore, the best alternative option for lighting rural households of Eritrea is solar power systems. Solar lamps have much better quality of light than kerosene lamp, present no health hazards, nor danger, are environmentally friendly, sturdily built, and with proper training can be user friendly. Solar home system can also solve the problem of mobile charging that can enable rural households to communicate with, and enable remote villages to get up to date information like awareness raising programs in health, education, agriculture etc. broadcast through mass media such that, solar home systems gain acceptance by potential users due to the abovementioned benefits. In spite of the above mentioned benefits solar PV systems are expensive and demand high initial investment – which is where SGP Eritrea and partners can provide financing through proven grant mechanisms and capacity building through proven tools. However, this pilot project will use relatively inexpensive operating cost, solar home systems with two DC solar lamps and a socket for charging a battery of cell phone or powering radio.
 
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Project Snapshot

Grantee:
QNAFNA COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
Country:
Eritrea
Area Of Work:
Climate Change Mitigation
Grant Amount:
US$ 149,998.00
Co-Financing Cash:
US$ 7,768.00
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 166,782.00
Project Number:
ERI/SGP/OP5/Y2/CORE/CC/2012/07
Status:
Satisfactorily Completed

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Project Characteristics and Results
Project sustainability
For the sustainability of the project, an orientation course has been given to all households on how to use the system and most importantly a formal training was given to four members of the community for the repair and maintenance of the project. Moreover, an arrangement of payment to every household for the energy services they get is made on monthly basis, which is crucial for the sustainability of the project.
Policy Influence
The project has policy influence because previously, Ministry of Energy and Mines (MoEM) was mainly focusing on big projects in specific areas. However, as the result of SGP project - Demonstration of solar home systems and afforestation project in Qnafna; individuals and small organizations are encouraged by government for similar intervention on the villages located in off-grid areas. Shortly, policy makers became flexible and encouraging citizens for solarizing their homes with special emphasis to villages which are on off-grid areas. The Debub Administrative Region and MoEM have recently encouraged to one rich Eritrean woman to install solar home system in to a village called Meaya, about 30 Km east of Qnafna.
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Indicators
Biophysical
Tonnes of CO2 decreased or avoided by energy efficient and renewable energy technologies or applying environmentally sustainable transport practices introduced by SGP Project 40
Livehood
Number of households who have benefited* from SGP project 252

Grantee Contact

Mr BERHE ABREHA
Phone: 291-1- 122356
 

Address

QNAFNA SUB TOWN
Mendefera , Debub ,

SGP Country office contact

Ms. Freweini Negash
Email:
Mr. Alemseged Moges
Email:

Address

Hday street
Asmara, East Africa, 5366