Community based conservation and sustainable use of traditional pig resources
Community based conservation and sustainable use of traditional pig resources
Gomdar gewog is one of the remotest gewogs in Samdrupjongkhar Dzongkhag (District) comprising of 20 villages and 611 households. The Gewog is estimated to have estimated population of about 3400 respectively. The varied agro-ecological zone has favored development of rich diversity of crop and animal genetic resources in gewog. This rich agro-biodiversity has been conserved and sustainably utilized for livelihoods.
The Gewog currently has access to motorable road and as a result, production systems are fast changing from subsistence to market driven production. Farmers are increasingly going for a high yielding varieties and breeds and some components of agro-biodiversity are reported to be declining rapidly. One of such commodity requiring immediate actions is Saphab (indigenous pig breed). Saphab is one of the two traditional breeds of pig found in Bhutan. They are appreciated for resistance to pest and diseases, easiness to feed and for producing lesser but good quality meat. Saphabs are also considered endangered at the national level. Gomdar Gewog which once had every household rearing Saphab is now left with only five households in to Saphab farming.
Therefore, the project “Community based conservation and sustainable use of traditional pig resources” was carried out with Gomdar Shaphab Nyamsung Tshogpa, a community based group to conserve, promote and sustainable use traditional pig whilst generating income and enhancing the livelihood.
The project has helped in reviving the rearing of shaphab pigs, now the pig farming practices are hygienic. The population of shaphab pigs have increased to 30. In order to promote and sustainably manage shaphab farming in generating income, the processing unit was constructed and packaging and marketing facilities were provided to produce sikam (dried pork). We have learned, sale of product from initial product processing has resulted in generation of minimum sum of income to the group.
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Project Snapshot

Gomdar Saphab Nymsung Tshogpa
Area Of Work:
Grant Amount:
US$ 19,850.00
Co-Financing Cash:
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 19,050.00
Project Number:
Satisfactorily Completed
Project Characteristics and Results
Project sustainability
High Sustainability: Beneficiaries were actively and directly involved in implementation of project thus ensuring ownership to the project.
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SGP Country office contact

Mr. Tenzin Wangchuk
Mr. Tshering Phuntsho
009752322424 (ext:330)


UN House, Peling Lam (Street), Kawajangsa, Thimphu, P.O. Box No. 162
Thimphu, Bhutan, 11001