Rehabilitation of Land Degradation through afforestation and introduction of compost in Berik sub region
Rehabilitation of Land Degradation through afforestation and introduction of compost in Berik sub region
Berik is a sub-region within Maekel Regional Administration. It is located 11 km North West of Asmara, the capital city of Eritrea. Berik landscape is on the highland plateau and lies within the range of 2,300 – 2,400meters above sea level with average annual rainfall of 500mm.
It is estimated that 79% of the population depends on Agriculture for its livelihood. Each farming house hold owns one hectare of farmland or less. Smallholder farmers in the project villages rely on one crop production per a year.
The inhabitants of the sub-region have major land degradation challenges. Soil erosion during the rainy season is tremendous and thus flash floods form gullies in their farmlands. This reduces the size of existing farmland. Soil fertility is depleted, and crop harvest is very poor.
This project, Berik land Degradation rehabilitation through afforestation, Soil & Water Conservation activities and introducing the use of compost is envisaged to address land degradation problem by engaging local actors in environmental conservation through building their capacities to act and create better livelihood options.
The main objective of the project is to promote rehabilitation of degraded land and introduce the production of compost to enhance the livelihood of Berik Communities.
The major components of the project are:
• Building the capacities of 414 local environmental actors/farmer leaders on how to make compost & construction of composting area,
• Construction of physical soil and water conservation (SWC) works (90 Kms terraces and 15,750 M3 check dams),
• Construction of 96 M3 silos in the demonstration site of “Tsaedacristean” Berik Sub-region for composting and addressing preeminent training to environmental actors/farmers leader and community for better livelihood options. Compost is the result of managed transformation of raw organic materials into biologically-stable and sterile, organic matter-rich substance sustainable for growing plants. Compost improves the structure and texture of the soil and the nutrients decomposed are easily taken by the roots of plants. In addition, the heat produced during composting process (110-160oF) destroys pathogens, diseases and undesirable weed seeds.
• Promote production and application of compost
Sources of organic matter for composting:
• Agricultural wastes: - livestock manure, zoo Manure, crop residues, waste feed, etc .
• Municipal wastes: - Leaves, Grass, Food waste from Asmara

The demonstrational TOT training on how compost is prepared and produced has targeted 126 village representatives withdrawn from 21 villages in Berik sub region and MOA extension workers. Then, the TOT trainers are going to train 5-15 leader farmers in their respective villages. In total 414 model farmers and MOA extension workers are expected to practice compost preparation and utilization by the end of project.

In general, the project targets all the 10,876 households (49,211 persons) in awareness raising and afforestation activities.
• The project needs a total of Nakfa 4,454,865.00 or USD 296,991
• Contribution of GEF/ SGP is USD 50,000
• Berik Development Committee’s contribution is USD 182,896
• Community contribution including the local government, Branch Ministry of Agriculture and Branch Ministry of Land, Water and Environment is in-kind (labor, seedlings, administrative support and technical backstopping) and is estimated at USD 64,095
Members of Berik development committee, soil and water conservation experts from the Branch Ministry of Agriculture and Branch Ministry of Land, Water and Environment, SGP personnel and NSC (National Steering Committee) are represented in project monitoring and evaluation process and follow result-based monitoring. The knowledge gained from the project will also be carefully documented and communicated to concerned organizations and offices.
The sustainability of the project results is seriously taken into account by focusing on building the capacity of stakeholders and creating benefit sharing mechanism.

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Project Snapshot

Berik Development Committee
Area Of Work:
Land Degradation
Grant Amount:
US$ 50,000.00
Co-Financing Cash:
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 246,991.00
Project Number:
Satisfactorily Completed

Grantee Contact

Mr System Administrator


Asmara , Maekel ,

SGP Country office contact

Ms. Freweini Negash
Mr. Alemseged Moges


Hday street
Asmara, East Africa, 5366