MANGROVE REHABILITATION AND LIVELIHOOD DEVELOPMENT IN KAMPUNG DEW.
MANGROVE REHABILITATION AND LIVELIHOOD DEVELOPMENT IN KAMPUNG DEW.
The proposed project will target on the Kg Dew local community living in and adjacent to riverine and forested habitats of Kuala Sepetang Forest Reserves.
Kg. Dew has a population of 500 people (80% are Malays and 20% Indian) with an average household income less than RM 1,000/month. The income derived from coastal and mangrove resources. Currently the coastal and mangrove resources are declining; local communities in the fisheries and agriculture sectors are facing (Over-fishing and use of destruction fishing gear from outsiders, Encroachment of and conversion of the wetlands for agriculture, charcoal production, aquaculture and tourism and, Reduction in water quality) problems to adapt and take advantage of the changing economic scenario from subsistence to cash economy facing a lack of knowledge, capacity, capital and market access.

The local people of Kampung Dew rely on coastal wetlands and Sg. Spepetang for drinking & household water, and agricultural production (coconut palms and rice). Current local livelihoods are thus heavily dependent on these ever-dwindling natural resources.

The coastal resources including Sonneratia Caseolaris at Kampung Dew are declining because of aquaculture activities and reclamation for development activities and settlements and as well as coastal erosion. This mean that the kg. Dew coastal community, including the paddy farmers that are frequently affected by flooding and sea water instruction.

The proposed project will target at member of Persatuan Kelip-Kelip Cahaya Alam (KECAP), fishermen and paddy farmers (Majority of whom belongs to the Malay communities) living in and around Kampung Dew (Kerian District side) , Kampung Dew (Larut Matang District side), Kampung Air Putih and Kampung Pak Dolah.

The project has been designed to help address the mangrove degradation of the kg Dew community by assisting them to replanting mangrove species and enhance opportunities for alternative income generation through community-based eco-tourism and other sustainable livelihoods development.

Project Objectives
1.0 To replant and rehabilitate mangrove species at kampong Dew through Community Participation
2.0 To enhance income generation through community based eco-tourism ventures and other sustainable livelihoods

Activities
Activity 1.1 Mangrove Restoration Planning
Owing to the complex legal and land tenure issues surrounding the area, the project must first secure access to areas of degraded mangrove for rehabilitation. Informal negotiations and a step-by-step approach have in the past shown to be effective means of achieving the voluntary surrender of occupied to local agencies and in partnership with the Department of Forestry Perak.

In order to undertake restoration with accurate baseline data and an effective monitoring and evaluation mechanism, baseline conditions will be surveyed and stored and managed through a Geographic Information System (GIS) database (by Forestry Department-Perak). Basic geographic and natural features will be identified through interpretation of high quality remote sensing images, supported by comprehensive ground truthing and biodiversity surveys. Throughout implementation of the project, this database will be continually updated to provide periodic snapshots of local conditions and to analyse changes and trends in utilisation.

Activity 1.2 Training on mangrove planting techniques & management and monitoring
While proven to be cost-effective and capable of producing enhanced natural habitats, The project seeks to enhance capacity for communities’ members. Training will also utilise parallel local and national mangrove
Specialist to focus attention on best practice restoration techniques. A study visit to specific successful mangrove restoration e.g. project site of PIFWA project in Penang will be arranged.


Activity 1.3 Planting
Up to 5 ha. of Sonneratia Caseolaris seedling will be restored along the Sg. Sepetang river towards the river mouth by local community of Kampung Dew espeacially members of KECAP. Other mangrove species will also be promoted for restoration with the purpose for supporting the area’s biodiversity.

Activity 2.1 Assessment and development of community livelihood strategies including business module.
Series of assessment will be conducted by experts from Universiti Kebangsaan and Institut Darul Ridzuan. This will include a rapid participatory socio-economic assessment of the local area will also be undertaken during first four weeks of the project starts. This assessment aims for inclusion the findings into the project management dataset and local knowledge will also be sought through techniques expected to involve participatory rural assessment and community mapping workshops. Together this data will provide the basis upon which subsequent project planning and decision making will be made, including establishment of a strategy for mangrove restoration. Intensive consultation will be undertaken to discuss possible business module. The consultation will include representatives from FAMA, SME, Business and other related agencies that will be identified later.

Activity 2.2 Eco-tourism training
Two trainings on community based eco-tourism will be conducted at Majlis Perbandaran Taiping. The training will be jointly organized with Perak Tourism and Institut Darul Ridzuan. The project will also consider to bring expertise from Wild Asia and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. The training seeks to enhance capacity for overall eco-tourism management at Kampung Dew to ensure financial sustainability generated from eco-tourism services for family and society.

Activity 2.3 Livelihood development training programme
Realizing the discrepancy between the long-term interest in environmental conservation and the immediate development priorities of the local communities in the target kampong, the project extended its support to more general aspects of community development in addition to its environmental rehabilitation objectives. By improving existing livelihood activities and supporting alternative livelihood initiatives that promoted the community’s self-reliance and quality of life. Based on finding from the assessment at early stage of this project, trainings will be provided to develop skills and knowledge and interpreting into practices. This again aims to ensure livelihood sustainability.
 
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Project Snapshot

Grantee:
PERSATUAN MENJAGA ALAM SEKITAR NEGERI PERAK
Country:
Malaysia
Area Of Work:
Biodiversity
Grant Amount:
US$ 13,458.00
Co-Financing Cash:
US$ 7,450.00
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 8,000.00
Project Number:
MAL/SGP/OP5/Y4/STAR/BD/14/11
Status:
Project Terminated Before Completion

Grantee Contact

MOHD FAQRUL REDZA BIN TAHIRUDDIN
Phone: +605 241 2670
Email: Faqrul_redza@yahoo.com
 

Address

58 HALA SEPAKAT 14, TAMAN PINGGIR RAPAT PERDANA
IPOH, PERAK , 31350

SGP Country office contact

Ms. Shin Shin, Lee
Phone:
603-8689 6055
Email:
Ms. Nurul Fitrah Mohd Ariffin Marican
Email:

Address

Level 10, Menara PJH, No.2, Jalan Tun Abdul Razak, Precinct 2,
Putrajaya, 62100

Country Website