Development of intensive horticulture through establishment of demonstration orchards and introduction of technologies for production of planting material
Development of intensive horticulture through establishment of demonstration orchards and introduction of technologies for production of planting material
Land degradation is one of the main factors that seriously threatens development of agriculture and agrobiodiversity in Armenia. According to the Fifth National Report of the Republic of Armenia
to the Convention on Biological Diversity (2014) about 11% of land degradation is the result of human activity, out of which about 10% is conditioned by improper agricultural practices, causing soil erosion, secondary salinization and degradation of natural ecosystems. Another factor that seriously impedes development of agriculture in the country is small farm size and very fragmented land parcels.

Intensive horticulture is one of effective methods to combat soil degradation, as a large number of trees per unit area, forming a dense root system, strengthens soils and reduce erosion. Besides, intensive horticulture can be practiced on backyards and small land plots, making efficient use of limited water and land resources. The project aims at contributing to the development of high density orchards in the country and to increase farmers’ incomes through introducing the practice of high productive, early bearing orchards, production of dwarf vegetatively propagated rootstocks and modern technologies of grafting.

Within the project activities it is planned to establish high density apple demo orchards in select farms of Lernantsk community of Lori region, where agro-climatic conditions are suitable for growing apple trees. The number of orchards (3-6 demo sites totaling in 1 ha) will depend on the size of selected land plots. Farmers’ experience in horticulture, as well as interest and willingness to establish an intensive orchard will be considered as criteria in farm selection.
The implementation of the innovative horticultural techniques and approaches proposed by this project such as drip irrigation, dwarf and semi dwarf trees, high density planting, anti-hail nets, shade nets, anti-frost system and others will enhance soil quality, increase crop yield and build farmers’ resilience to changing climate conditions.
Dwarfing (vegetatively propagated) rootstocks is the main element in high density orchards. The use of dwarf rootstocks will give new possibilities for breeding virus-free, uniform seedlings of low height that make the orchard harvesting and maintenance operations easier. The trees grafted on vegetatively propagated rootstocks come into bearing sooner than trees grafted on rootstocks obtained from seeds. Considering advantages of dwarf rootstocks production, which have never been practiced in Armenia before, it is planned to organize propagation of rootstocks. Practical trainings for farmers interested in establishing the high density orchards will be conducted. It is planned to distribute about 2500 rootstocks to beneficiary farmers: 100 units to each of 25 trained farmers.
To produce the planning material, a new technology of winter grafting will be introduced, which allows growing seedlings in a 6-month period. By the end of the project the seedlings originated as a result of using the vegetatively propagated rootstocks and winter grafting technology will be distributed to the trained farmers for establishing additional 0.5-1.0 hectares of dense and/or mid-dense orchards on their farms.
 
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Project Snapshot

Grantee:
"Association of Armenian Fruit Nurseries" Agricultural NGO
Country:
Armenia
Area Of Work:
CapDev
Land Degradation
Grant Amount:
US$ 50,000.00
Co-Financing Cash:
US$ 15,125.00
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 12,350.00
Project Number:
ARM/SGP/OP5/Y6/STAR/LD/17/48
Status:
Satisfactorily Completed
Project Characteristics and Results
Inovative Financial Mechanisms
By using “train-the-trainer” approach, the project will build a pool of competent “farming instructors” in Lernantsk community with adequate knowledge on advanced horticultural technologies and technical skills in trees pruning, shaping, grafting, etc. This knowledge will then be widely disseminated among the other farmers of Lernantsk as well as neighboring communities. Besides, the project results and lessons learnt will be continuously shared with stakeholders at regional level (Lori region) and national level (Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Territorial Administration, NGOs engaged in agriculture) through project reports, information leaflets and booklets, public events and forums and mass media.
Capacity - Building Component
Capacity building activities are an essential component of the project. Since this initiative contributes to the development of intensive horticulture in the country, the demo orchards to be established will serve for knowledge sharing, replication and scaling-up purposes. Beneficiary farmers will gain necessary skills on innovative orchard farming practices through a series of seminars and hands-on trainings. In particular, the beneficiary and other interested farmers will get acquainted with technologies and principles of establishing and maintaining high density orchards, as well as pruning and tree shaping methods. Besides, 25 farmers will gain knowledge and skills in propagation of rootstocks and application of winter grafting techniques.
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Indicators
Empowerment
Number of CBOs / NGOs participated / involved in SGP project 2
Biophysical
Number of innovations or new technologies developed / applied 1
Livehood
Number of individuals (gender diaggregated) who have benefited* from SGP project 60

Grantee Contact

Mr. Hovik Hovhannisyan
Phone: +374 91 20 02 77
Email: noratunk@yandex.ru
 

Address

1/8 Dzagavank
vil. Arinj , 2210

SGP Country office contact

Mr. Hovhannes Ghazaryan
Phone:
+374 60 530000+116
Fax:
(+374 10) 543811
Email:
Ms. Svetlana Harutyunyan
Phone:
+374 60 530000+117
Email:

Address

14 Adamyan St.
Yerevan, 0010

Country Website