Preserving autochthonic varieties of fruit crops in the Eastern planning region of Republic of Macedonia
Preserving autochthonic varieties of fruit crops in the Eastern planning region of Republic of Macedonia
Association of Organic Producers "Aronia" Delchevo realized two projects for the protection of indigenous varieties of apples (ciganka) and pears (suli). With the realization of the implemented projects, the public awareness of growing indigenous fruit crops was raised. The interest in other types of apple, pear, plum, vine, quince, cherry and other fruit crops is more and more increasing.
In Eastern Macedonia (Eastern Region), the current knowledge and experience show that in the region there are still a number of genotypes of the indigenous population of fruit crops including apple, pear, cherry, grape, quince, plum and others. Lately population fruit crops began to cut and used as firewood.
All this contributes to fear of extinction of indigenous fruit crops. The local population is interested in the preservation of indigenous fruit crops because indigenous fruit crops are left to the ravages of time (they are very old and tall, not cut for years and are not protected against pests for years) and the population will experience how to grown to an economic benefit from them.
It is necessary to educate and encourage owners of old indigenous trees of apples, pears and plums. Stems that are older than 50 to 100 years, should be cut in order to get saplings, which will give birth and will benefit for growers.
It is also necessary to examine the health of a number of indigenous varieties, and from the healthy varieties to take graft branches, and produce seedlings if necessary and by order from the stakeholders from the local population.
First, we need to identify about 100 trees of indigenous varieties with GPS in Pijanechko-Malesevski region. Once identified, will determine the visual health, and they will choose 4 varieties of apples (persha, parmenka, lepocvetka and kolacharka), 4 varieties of pears (zimska, frost zimjak and begrem) and a variety of plum (banska). Once the varieties are selected it will need 26 samples to determine the health of the same.
The identification of the varieties will begin with a survey of people who own the indigenous varieties, with priority inclusion in the project will have people with weak economic power from rural areas. With the activities envisaged in the project, they can gain knowledge and experience in the field of fruit growing, and thus improve their economic situation.
People who will gain the experience and assistance of the project will commit to solidarity agreements to provide coil branches to produce seedlings and to give free training to other interested parties.
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Project Snapshot

Area Of Work:
Grant Amount:
US$ 10,215.00
Co-Financing Cash:
US$ 5,500.00
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 5,450.00
Project Number:
Satisfactorily Completed
Number of globally significant species protected by project 9
Number of women participated / involved in SGP project 18
Number of individuals (gender diaggregated) who have benefited* from SGP project 75

SGP Country office contact

Mr. Zlatko Samardziev
Ms Melita Ivanova


Majka Tereza 15/6
Skopje, 1000