Expanding production of solid bio-fuel and application of energy-efficient stoves in Akhuryan community of Shirak region
Expanding production of solid bio-fuel and application of energy-efficient stoves in Akhuryan community of Shirak region
The project aims at promoting the use of biomass as a viable energy source in rural communities of Shirak region for energy security, environmental sustainability and poverty reduction by expanding production and use of biofuels and energy efficient stoves in rural areas.
The project target area is Akhuryan community with its 8 settlements and population of about 17 thousand people. The population is mainly engaged in cattle breeding and cultivation of cereals, fodder and vegetables. All settlements have more than 16,000 hectares of agricultural land, including over 9,500 hectares of arable land. Most of these lands are exposed to degradation, as after the autumn harvest of cereals, field residues, including stalks and stems with low feeding value (unfit for forage), are burnt by farmers to clear out their lands for the next year farming activities. Fires spread across fileds, burning wheat stubble and causing destruction of the upper layer of soil and carbon losses. At the same time, about 75-80% of Akhuryan community households, traditionally use cow dung (dried manure cakes) as a fuel, which hinders using manure as a valuable bio-fertilizer. Improper grazing practices further degrade the land, and disrupt ecosystem services provided by grasslands, crucial for local livelihoods.
Four of the target settlements have natural gas supply, but only 20-25% of households can afford using gas for heating due to high tariffs.
In 2017, the areas sown with cereal in Akhuryan community covered 6,644 hectares, which has the potential of waste for bio-fuel production of about 29,507 tonnes.
Currently, most of biological waste is burned in the fields and the lands adjacent to community houses, resulting in a huge amount of smoke discharged into the air, destruction of the upper layer of soil and intensification of arable land degradation. Whereas, in case of proper management of biological waste it can fully meet the energy needs of Akhuryan community (over 3,900 households) and even have potential to be exported as bio-fuel briquettes.
Building on the rich experience and knowledge generated by an SGP-funded project on biomass energy use in Basen community, this initiative plans to introduce biological waste management system in Shirak region through scaling-up bio-fuel production practices, combined with introduction of fuel-efficient stoves in Akhuryan community. It will provide opportunity for a significant part of the local population to use residual straw and other biomass waste as its primary fuel, and utilize cow dung to fertilize fields for improving soil quality and increasing the yield.
 
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Project Snapshot

Grantee:
"Vanand" Community Development NGO
Country:
Armenia
Area Of Work:
Land Degradation
Grant Amount:
US$ 111,312.00
Co-Financing Cash:
US$ 21,456.00
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 7,144.00
Project Number:
ARM/SGP/OP5/Y6/STAR/LD/17/50
Status:
Satisfactorily Completed
Project Characteristics and Results
Gender Focus
As the project targets the improvement of local livelihoods and living conditions, it will definitely have a positive impact on women, who shoulder the overwhelming burden of housework and cooking. It particular, introduction of briquette fuel and EE stoves will ensure comfort and easy maintenance, as well as improve sanitary conditions, as apposed to using traditional cow dung cakes for heating. Moreover, preparation of dried manure cakes - traditionally done by women - will not be practiced any more, which is another co-benefit of the briquet fuel. The project will further promote women involvement in active groups, meetings, discussions and trainings.
Policy Influence
Facilitating the shift towards low carbon energy to reduce GHG emissions and improve adaptive capacities of people, farms and ecosystems to climate change effects will lay basis for development of local green entrepreneurship and community infrastructures focused on sustainable, clean and affordable energy sources: production of pellet and briquette fuel, manure bio-fertilizers, assembling of energy-efficient boilers and biomass fuel stoves, etc.
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Indicators
Empowerment
Innovative financial mechanisms put in place through SGP project 1
Biophysical
Hectares of degraded land rest 20
Biophysical
Number of innovations or new technologies developed / applied 2
Livehood
Number of households who have benefited* from SGP project 300

Grantee Contact

Vanand Hamlet Ghazaryan
Phone: +374 93 05 39 30
Fax: +374 93 05 39 30
Email: hamletghazaryan99@gmail.com
 

Address

18 Garegin Nzhdeh St. 31-32
Gyumri , Shirak , 3101

SGP Country office contact

Mr. Hovhannes Ghazaryan
Phone:
+374 60 530000+116
Fax:
(+374 10) 543811
Email:
Ms. Svetlana Harutyunyan
Phone:
+374 60 530000+117
Email:

Address

14 Adamyan St.
Yerevan, 0010

Country Website