Promoting Local Fish Diversity in Selected Lakes of Chitwan through Eco-system based Co-management Practices
Promoting Local Fish Diversity in Selected Lakes of Chitwan through Eco-system based Co-management Practices
Freshwater native fishes are one of the most ignored fauna for conservation; as a result alarming decline in fish diversity persists. Out of the total 217 native fish species recorded in Nepal, 34 species are found threatened at different level. The decline of native fish is associated with several factors. Climate change, habitat loss, pollution, deforestation, siltation, intensive agriculture, littering, road construction, barrages, dam for irrigation, hydropower, sewage, removal of boulders and pebbles from river bed might cause water quality and quantity alterations. Thus, impacting fish habitat and fish decline in rivers, lakes and other water bodies (Gurung, 2007; Jha et al., 2007). Capture fisheries from natural and man-made water bodies are traditional. Capture fishery is often the only source of livelihood for the fisher's communities near water bodies. There are 427 thousand members actively involved in capture fisheries in open fresh water bodies and about 580000 peoples as direct beneficiaries. Capture fisheries contributes approximately 0.5% of total GDP which is most likely to be contributed by native fishes. This suggests there are enormous opportunities in native fish conservation. For conservation of aquatic animals including fish, the government has promulgated ‘Aquatic Animal Protection Act (1960), ‘Jalchar Samrachhan Ain 2061’. These acts prohibits indiscriminate killing of fish and aquatic animals by unconventional methods. To control over destructive fishing (poisoning, use of dynamites and electro fishing, use of small mesh size net), increasing awareness, law enforcement have been challenging. The native fishes of Nepal are one of main aquatic vertebrates which are yet to be studied for their occurrence, distribution and ecology, especially from lakes where different native species are found.

The project aims to conserver the Tiger Lake in the Barandabhar Corriodor of Chitwan National Park and its fish diversity and carry out a number of livelihood suppoer to local community.
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Project Snapshot

Manahari Devleopment Institute Nepal
Area Of Work:
Grant Amount:
US$ 49,993.00
Co-Financing Cash:
US$ 4,290.00
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 7,398.00
Project Number:
Satisfactorily Completed
Project Characteristics and Results
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SGP Country office contact

Mr. Vivek Dhar Sharma


UNDP, P.O. Box 107