Increasing Farmers Resilience to Climate Change by Adopting an Agroecological Approach
Increasing Farmers Resilience to Climate Change by Adopting an Agroecological Approach
PROPOSAL
SECTION A: PROJECT RATIONALE AND APPROACH
1.1 Project Summary
Climate change causing prolonged drought periods, heat waves, rising temperatures, frequent occurrence of heavy/torrential rainfalls and flash floods is seriously impacting field production, which in turn, is affecting the livelihoods of small farmers in Mauritius.
The soil quality is severely affected. Soil water holding capacity is reduced, rising soil temperature affects soil microbial activity, causes rapid decomposition of organic matter, quicker nutrients release and increased nitrification rate. Soil structure and texture is damaged.
These adverse climatic effects impact negatively on the food crop sector especially during the period of January to March every year. The extent of damage recorded varies according to field location and topography, crops grown and crop stage. Up to 80% of crop damage are recorded and is reflected by the scarcity and price of vegetables. Increasing climatic variability and emergence of new diseases are serious constraints hindering food crops production and hence the livelihoods of the small holder farmers. Intensive agriculture has promoted monoculture, reduced biodiversity, changed the behaviour of pests and pathogens, deteriorated soil biology, and reduced climate resilience in agricultural production systems among others. To promote resilience against climate change integrated agricultural systems such as agroforestry or agroecology are being proposed to mitigate these negative impacts on food crops production. Agroecology is considered to play a key role in increasing the productivity of small farming system by integrating mixed cropping, build on crop habitat and enhancing biodiversity of flora and fauna. However, appropriate options must be developed based on the existing ecological parameters.
According to the meteorological services in Mauritius, January 2018 was the 3rd wettest on record and the wettest in the last 38 years. Well above normal rainfall was recorded over the whole island. It rained almost every day due to persistent moist and unstable conditions. Clouds associated with Tropical Cyclone AVA and Intense Tropical Cyclone BERGUITTA brought abundant rainfall during their passage in the Southwest Indian Ocean. Rainfall was mostly of short duration, heavy and localized, associated mostly with convective cloud built up during the day. This was particularly observed to the South, Southeast and over the leeward side of the Central Plateau where localized flash floods and water accumulations were quite frequent. Positive rainfall anomalies of over 150 mm are observed locally in these regions. Deficient rainfall of up to 200 mm was observed locally to the East and the North.
In February the wettest day was on the 23 February 2018 with a maximum 24-hour rainfall of only 169mm, but several stations reporting rainfall intensities reaching in the range 45-55mm/h. The highest rainfall intensity recorded was 72.2 mm/h at Mon Bois on 15 February 2018. According to the Ministry of Agro Industry and Food Security Strategic Plan 2016-2020, our agriculture is highly vulnerable to climate extremes and climate variability, which results in lower productivity, crop loss or crop failure. These affect production, prices and farmers’ livelihoods adversely, and will eventually accentuate our food insecurity. However, agriculture has also the potential to adapt and mitigate climate change impacts via the practice of Climate-Smart Agriculture.
This primary objective of this project is to improve farmers resilience to climate change in three distinct production zones namely (1) La Chaumiere (2) Britannia Organic Zone and (3) Plaine Sophie. The primary objective will be achieved through the following specific objectives: (1) rehabilitate and reinstate drains for better management of torrential rains and flash floods; (2) introduce beneficial plants and bees for ecosystem services; (3) introduce sheltered farming to fight against pest; (4) introduce beneficial insects for integrated pest management; (5) access expertise and training on agroecology; and (6) expand education and awareness-raising programmes on sustainable agricultural practices within the farmers communities to support successful implementation of these initiatives.
The farmers at the above three production zones are regrouped into three main cooperative societies namely (1) La Chaumiere Agricultural Marketing Cooperative Society Limited (AMCS) for the growers of La Chaumiere (2) Les Jardins Bio de Britannia Agricultural Marketing Cooperative Society for the organic promoters of the region of Britannia, (3) Plaine Sophie Mixed Farming Cooperative Society Limited for the growers in the region of Plaine Sophie. For all outcomes the FAREI has a special role to play in motivation of planters, monitoring of the activities and results within the project.
The total cost of the project for the three different regions stands at Rs 9 991 155.
The breakdown of the project cost is as such: Contribution sought from GEF SGP UNDP is
Rs 5191155, Contribution from farmers is Rs 3 300 000, contribution from FAREI is Rs1200 000 and contribution from Medine is Rs 300 000.

La Chaumiere AMCS will submit the project on behalf of the three cooperative societies to the GEF SGP UNDP. Allocation of funds will be strictly as per the initial proposal submitted and as per items in the proposal. It is expected that some activities in the 3 regions will be set up on a pilot basis due to limitation of funds. Farmers are expected to replicate/scale-up successful activities/initiatives of the project.
A letter of agreement will be signed by all parties in order to have full transparency and accountability. The letter will also be a binding agreement between the three cooperative societies regarding the modus operandi for the efficient delivery of this project.
A Steering Committee should be appointed with at least 2 representatives of each NGO, FAREI, officers from each region and GEF SGP UNDP to coordinate operation of activities, monitor progress of project and to take any remedial actions as may deem necessary.
This project is in line with the GEF SGP OP 6 Country Programme Strategy and its strategic initiatives on Innovative climate-smart agro-ecology and Community landscape/seascape conservation. It addresses GEF-6 corporate results on sustainable land management in production systems by encouraging agro-ecological practices.

1.2 Organisational Background and Capacity to implement the Project
1.2.1 La Chaumiere Agricultural Marketing Cooperative Society Limited regroups 100 growers of the region. It was created in 1967. It is a very active cooperative society and regularly participates in extension activities for the promotion of the welfare of its members. The organization is closely linked with the Food and Agricultural Research Institute and is a strategic partner for the Ministry of Agro Industry and Food security.
1.2.2 Les Jardins Bio de Britannia Mixed Farming Cooperative Society Limited is a newly registered society. Registration carried in 2018. It regroups 8 active farmers from Britannia Organic Zone. The Organic Zone was launched in February 2017. The project at Britannia covers an area of approximately 25 ha. The farmers from Britannia have strong educational background including degrees in computer science, marine engineer, electrical engineer and economics. One was a former entrepreneur in the construction industry managing a team of more than 50 people.
1.2.3 Plaine Sophie Mixed Farming Cooperative Society Limited was created in 1991. Initially there was 60 members registered. There is at present 20 members registered who occupy larger extent of land. They occupy an area of about 50 ha.
The registration certificate and membership of each NGO is annexed to the document.
1.3 Project Objectives and Expected Results
1.3.1 Background Information
1.3.1.1La Chaumiere is an agricultural area, located in the district of Black River, in the western region of Mauritius. The region involved in agricultural food crops production covers a total acreage of 60 arpents, involving 80 planters. The planters are grouped under the ‘La Chaumiere Agricultural Marketing Cooperative Society’. Cultivation of crops has been undertaken by generations of planters for more than 80 years there.
The topography of the region ranges from flat to sloppy. The agricultural zone of La Chaumiere is bounded by Corps de Garde Mountain. The land at the foot of the mountain is owned by Medine Group.
There is a long large drain which runs parallel to the main road at the foot of the mountain. The agricultural land is located on the other side of the road. This drain is overgrown with shrubs and trees and has collapsed in many places due to rocks and soil deposits. During heavy rainfalls, this unmaintained drain is quite ineffective and overflows with the amount of water sliding down the mountain. The water overflows across the road and floods the fields. The smaller drains in the field are also not well-maintained and are totally ineffective against heavy rains.


Left picture shows topography of La Chaumiere -Right picture shows flooded field in January 2018

Left picture shows overgrown drain - Right picture shows level reached by flood in January 2018

Agricultural details
The main crops grown are onion, greens, fine herbs, crucifers and salad crops. Annual production is estimated at around 1,000 tons. The main source of irrigation water comes from the Trianon Feeder Canal and boreholes. The method of irrigation is by using hand-held hose and overhead sprinklers.
The average temperature ranges from 22? C in winter to 30 ? C in summer with increasingly high peaks for longer periods.
The table below shows the agro-climatic conditions of La Chaumiere:
Characteristics Remarks
Soil Type Latosolic Reddish Prairie Soil
Mean Rainfall: 1800 mm per annum
Altitude 180 m above sea level
Topography Flat to gentle slopes
Temperature 30 ?C in Summer and 18 ?C in Winter

Extension Activities by FAREI in La Chaumiere region
The Food and Agricultural Research and Extension Institute offers free extension services to the food crop growers of La Chaumiere. The region is under the responsibility of Mrs. A. Curpen Extension /Senior Extension Officer of FAREI. Regular advisory field visits, group meetings, on farm trial, demonstrations, pest and disease diagnosis, soil samples analysis and mentoring of projects are some of the activities carried out by the extension officer of the region.
Regular trainings are also carried out by the extension services. The training courses are MQA approved. Training courses run during the past years for the growers of La Chaumiere include: Judicious Use of Pesticide, Sustainable Farming, Compost making, Horticulture Foundation, Farm Management.
Problems faced by growers at La Chaumiere
During the recent years, the region has faced considerable changes in the pattern of rainfalls. There have been recurrent heavy/torrential rainfall spells, mostly in the months of January to April. In such conditions, most of the time, the soil exceeds the saturation point.
The types of damages caused by the torrential rainfalls are:
• Run-offs
• Soil erosion
• Water-logging conditions
• Water accumulation
• Waste accumulation
• Destruction of small in-field natural drains

The above damages have adverse effects on soil fertility (loss of topsoil, loss of nutrients due to high velocity of water) and standing crops (loss of crops/seedlings, incidence of diseases).
Socio-economic impact of torrential rainfall
Heavy rainfall causes considerable financial losses to farmers, due to:
• Shortfall in production (wash away of crops, high incidence of diseases, low production…)
• Increased costs for land rehabilitation and preparation
• Additional expenses to restore soil fertility
• Casual workers compelled to stay at home with no income
• Low availability of vegetables, leading to high market price
• Demotivation of growers
The present method of irrigation method consists of a hose (5 cm in diameter) connected with a fuel-powered water pump used by 90% of planters manually and the remaining 10% use overhead sprinklers. The present system of irrigation used by planters namely by hose have the following adverse impacts:
- Soil compaction leading to poor crop development
- Low water use efficiency
- Run off and leaching of fertilisers
- Physical damage to crop

1.3.1.2 Background information for Britannia
Britannia is situated in the Southern part of the island. Britannia Organic zone is a government backed initiative for the promotion of organic food crop production in Mauritius. The organic plot was officially launched in February 2017.
The project covers an area of approximately 25 ha and is subdivided into 13 sub plots ranging in size from 1.26 ha to 2.1 ha. There are, presently, 9 promoters who have initiated food crop plantations at Britannia Organic plot. A tenth promoter has just started land preparation.


Agricultural details
The table below shows agro-climatic conditions of Britannia Organic Zone:
Characteristics Remarks
Soil Type Low Humic Latosol
Mean Rainfall: 1800 mm per annum
Altitude 180 m above sea level
Topography Flat to steep slopes
Temperature 300C in Summer and 180C in Winter

The 25 ha of land were lately under sugar cane plantation. The crop was planted in 2008. Harvest of sugar cane from the field has not been carried during the last two years. No weedicide/pesticide or fertiliser application has been carried out in the field during the last two and half years. Harvest of sugar cane was carried out manually as opposed to the present practice of mechanical harvesting. The designated plot of land is surrounded by existing sugar cane fields grown conventionally with the application of chemical inputs.
Land clearing was completed in June 2017. Plantation started in the plot from July 2017 onwards.
The main crops being grown are: pumpkin, watermelon, bottle gourd, cabbage, carrot, cauliflower, bean, broccoli, chinese cabbage, coriander, Pak choy, groundnut, chayote, basil, beet, okra, Echallotte, thyme, brinjal, asparagus bean, maize, mint, chilli and lettuce.
Extension Activities by FAREI in Britannia
The Britannia Organic Zone is serviced by the extension division of FAREI more specifically by Mr Raj Teeluck Extension/Senior Extension Officer of the Bio Farming Unit of FAREI. Regular field visits, demonstrations, conducted tours are carried out for improving farmers knowledge and skills.
Problems faced by growers at Britannia
The site of the organic zone was an ex-sugar cane plantation. On a situational basis the plot is in the middle of sugar cane field. In terms of landscape diversity, it can be considered very poor. It has a low mix of mosaics of natural areas and production systems in the region including forest patches, hedgerows etc.
Due to the topography of the site, some planters face problem of soil erosion during heavy rainfall.
Drains in some cases are too small or have been obstructed during land preparation. Run-offs are observed during torrential rainfall. The top soil is eroded causing severe soil infertility.
There is a severe problem of insect pests causing damage to food crops. Main insects are leaf miners, diamond back moths, fruit flies, tomato fruit worms.
There is a problem of dogs, hares and monkeys that occasionally affect crop production. Theft is also a nuisance. So far, the farmers have no access to an electricity supply nor water supply. Both are forthcoming. To date food crop plantations are carried out under rain fed conditions. Erratic rainfall negatively affects production.
Despite these problems, crops are grown and harvested at Britannia. Twice a month they are sold at NPF building and raise a lot of interest amongst the public. Addressing the above issues should boost their productivity.

1.3.1.3 Background Information for Plaine Sophie
Plaine Sophie is in Plaines Wilhems, Mauritius. The estimate terrain elevation above sea level is 561 metres. The region of Plaine Sophie number 1 was under tea cultivation in the late 80’s but due to non-profitability of the sector, the tea land was converted gradually to food crops production. Presently, the region of Plaine Sophie 1 involves some 75 growers cultivating a total of 88 arpents of land thereby contributing substantially to the national agricultural sector. The crops undertaken are mainly potato, creepers, carrots, cabbage and squash. Since the region is in a super humid zone, it has constantly been subjected to the hazards of climate change in terms of water accumulation and soil erosion.
Plaine Sophie Mixed Farming Cooperative Society Limited has at present 20 registered members who occupy an area of about 50 ha.

Agricultural details
The main crops grown are potato, onion, carrot, crucifers, creepers (mainly chayote and cucumber). Annual production is estimated at around 2,500 tons. The crops are cultivated under rain fed conditions.
The average temperature ranges from 17? C in winter to 30 ? C in summer with increasingly high peaks for longer periods.
The table below shows the agro-climatic conditions of Plaine Sophie:
Characteristics Remarks
Soil Type Latosolic brown forest
Mean Rainfall: Above 3000 mm per annum
Altitude 600 m above sea level
Topography Flat to gentle slopes
Temperature 30 ?C in Summer and 17 ?C in Winter

Extension Activities by FAREI in the region
The Food and Agricultural Research and Extension Institute offers free extension services to the food crop growers of Plaine Sophie. The region is under the responsibility of Senior Extension Officer Mr D. Bhemah and Mr Krishna Koppala Ramsamy, Extension /Senior Extension Officer. Their office is situated at Maison des Eleveurs, Henrietta.
Regular advisory field visits, group meetings, on farm trial, demonstrations, pest and disease diagnosis, soil samples analysis and mentoring of projects are some of the activities carried out by the extension officer of the region.
Regular trainings are also carried out by the extension services. The training courses are MQA approved. Training courses run during the past years for the growers of Plaine Sophie include the Judicious Use of Pesticide, Sustainable Farming, Compost making, Horticulture Foundation, Farm Management.
Problems faced by growers at Plaine Sophie
During the recent years, the region has faced considerable changes in the pattern of rainfalls. There have been recurrent heavy/torrential rainfall spells, mostly in the months of January to April. In such conditions, most of the time, the soil exceeds the saturation point also resulting in:
• Run-offs
• Soil erosion
• Water-logging conditions
• Water accumulation
• Destruction of small in-field natural drains

Other difficulties faced are:

• High infestation of insect pests mainly melon fly affecting creepers during summer.
• Poor fruit set due to low population of bees
• Decreasing population of natural enemies

The above damages have adverse effects on soil fertility (loss of topsoil, loss of nutrients due to high velocity of water) and standing crops (loss of crops/seedlings, incidence of pests and diseases). There is low productivity and the cost for controlling insect pests is very high.
Project objectives and expected results
The overall project aims at mitigating the impact of climate change on food crops production by adopting agro-ecological practices at Plaine Sophie 1.
The primary objectives of the project will be achieved through the following specific objectives:
• Improving the drainage system of the production zone
• Adoption of integrated pest management techniques for suppression of melon fly
• Restoration and enhancing ecological biodiversity and combating soil erosion

Socio-economic impact of climate change
Heavy rainfalls cause considerable losses to farmers and the environment as well:
• Shortfall in production
• Increase in cost of production
• Loss in soil fertility and reduced productivity
• Casual workers are forced to stay at home with no income
• Scarcity of vegetables leading to high market prices.

1.3.2 Project Objectives and Expected Results

1.3.2.1 La Chaumiere
For La Chaumiere region the primary objective of the project is to mitigate the impact of climate change and build resilience for sustained food crops production through the following specific objectives:
• Rehabilitation of around 200 m of drain at the foot of Corps de Garde Mountain
• Improving drainage system of the production zone
• Adoption of proper irrigation methods
• Restoring biodiversity and ecosystem services (through beneficial insects)
The table below shows the objectives and expected results:
Objectives Expected results
• Rehabilitation of 200 m drain at the foot of Corps de Garde Mountain • Deviation of excess mountain run-off water out of fields
• Improving drainage system of the production zone • Minimised crop losses
• Significant reduction of water-logged area
• Adoption of proper irrigation methods • Increased water use efficiency
• Minimised damage to soil structure
• Improved quality of vegetables
• Restore biodiversity and ecosystem services • Increased population of beneficial insects
• Reduction of incidence of insect pests
• Better crop productivity
• Reduction in pesticide applications
• Production of safer foods

Following a site visit at La Chaumiere, the National Coordinator GEF SGP UNDP contacted Medine Group which owns the land at the foot of Corps de Garde Mountain. A second site visit was carried out with representatives of Medine Group following which it was agreed that they will undertake the rehabilitation of the large drain which is located at the foot of the mountain. Additionally, they have indicated that they are willing to share knowledge on establishment of natural drains which are more effective than concrete drains.
1.3.2.2 Britannia
For Britannia region the primary objective of the project is to mitigate the impact of climate change and build resilience for sustained food crops production. The primary objectives will be achieved through the following specific objectives:
• to set up 8 net-house of 350 m2 each for vegetable production, thus addressing most of difficulties faced by the growers, i.e., harmful insects, monkeys, stray dogs, spraying from adjacent fields, etc.
• to restore the ecological services in farms using various plant diversification schemes at farm level and at landscape level. At farm level beneficial shrubs/trees species will be planted randomly inside each plot and at the landscape level edge habitats (hedges, field boundaries, buffer zones) will be created.
• to bring back the components of a functional biodiversity necessary for maintaining ecological functions.
• to ‘Strengthen the immune system’ of an agricultural system through enhancement of functional biodiversity –natural enemies, antagonist pollinators, decomposers, beneficial biota by creating appropriate habitats.
• to enhance biological interactions and synergies among the components of agrobiodiversity, thereby promoting key ecological processes and services. The plant species that will be planted in field and around field will be according to the guidelines given by the Entomology Division of FAREI. Examples of species: Nasturtium, pigeon pea, Datura, lavender, maize, anona sp, lemon grass, jack fruit. The fruit species will need to be outsourced from a certified chemical free farm or best from an organic nursery.
Sheltered farming provides the following benefits:
• Protection from excess rainfall, wind current, scorching sunlight.
• Protection of soil from long term soil erosion and improvement of soil microflora and fauna
• Easier control of diseases and pests.
• Production of the crop throughout the year.
• Better yield.
• Uniform and better quality of crops.
• Reduction in labor cost.
• Less input requirements.
• Low water requirement thus saving in water.
• Higher efficiency of water.
• Trellising system for vegetable.
• Real organic production
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The table below shows the objectives and expected results:
Objectives Expected results
Improving landscape diversity within field and around the zone
• Increase in population of beneficial insects
• Improved yield due to pollination
• Significant reduction of losses due to pest incidence
• Reduced cost of production
• Higher quality of product
• Restoration of biodiversity and enhancement of ecosystem services
Sustainable Production of organic vegetables especially during drought and torrential rainfall.
• Increase in production especially during the period of heavy rainfall and drought condition.
• Larger variety of crop to be grown.
• Better quality of food crops
• Lesser use of bio pesticides.
• Extension of the growing season for some vegetables-production of off-season vegetables and thus higher returns
Minimising impact of heavy rainfall by setting drains in field • Reduced impact of torrential rainfall on food crop production
• Reduced soil infertility after heavy rainfall

1.3.2.3 Plaine Sophie
The overall project aims at mitigating the impact of climate change on food crops production by adopting agro-ecological practices at Plaine Sophie 1. This will be achieved through the following specific objectives:
• Improving the drainage system of the production zone
• Adoption of integrated pest management techniques for suppression of melon fly
• Restoration and enhancing ecological biodiversity and combating soil erosion
• Improving bee’s population in the region

The table below shows the objectives and expected results:
Objectives Expected results
Improving the drainage system of the production zone
• Deviation of excess water out of fields
• Reduction of waterlogged areas
• Reduction of crop losses in the agri-zone
Adoption of integrated pest management techniques for suppression of melon flies • Reduction in melon fly’s population
• Reduction in pesticide use for control of melon flies
• Production of safer food
Restoration and enhancing biodiversity and combating soil erosion • Increased flora and fauna diversity in the zone
• Improved ecosystem services
Improving bee’s population in the region • Better pollination of flowers and higher production


1.4 Description of Project Activities
1.4.1 Project activities for La Chaumiere
Objectives Expected results Activities
Rehabilitation of drains at the foot of Corps de Garde Mountain • Deviation of excess mountain run-off water out of fields

• Rehabilitation of existing drains (cleaning, digging and widening)

Improving drainage system of the production zone on a pilot basis
• Minimised crop losses
• Significant reduction of water-logged area • Digging of new drains (in fields) on a pilot basis
• Plantation of vegetative barriers along drains and fields
Improve water use efficiency
• Adoption of proper irrigation system on a pilot basis for 10 ha • Installation of micro sprinklers in farmers field on an acreage of 10 ha
Restore biodiversity and ecosystem services • Increased population of beneficial insects
• Reduction of incidence of insect pests
• Better crop productivity
• Reduction in pesticide applications
• Production of safer foods • Establishment of habitat for beneficial insects (shrubs, flowering plants, melliferous plants)

1.4.2 Project activities for Britannia
Objectives Expected results Activities
Improving landscape diversity within field and around the zone
• Increase in population of beneficial insects
• Improved yield due to pollination
• Significant reduction of losses due to pest incidence
• Reduced cost of production
• Higher quality of product
• Restoration of biodiversity and enhancement of ecosystem services • Plantation of specific trees and shrubs within the zone
Sustainable Production of organic vegetables especially during drought and torrential rainfall.
• Increase in production especially during the period of heavy rainfall and drought condition.
• Larger variety of crop to be grown.
• Better quality of food crops
• Lesser use of bio pesticides.
• Extension of the growing season for some vegetables-production of off-season vegetables and thus higher returns • Setting up of eight 350 m2 net-house on a pilot basis
Minimising impact of heavy rainfall by setting drains in field • Reduced impact of torrential rainfall on food crop production
• Reduced soil infertility after heavy rainfall • Digging and maintenance of drains around and in fields
1.4.3 Project activities for Plaine Sophie
Objectives Expected results Activities
Improving the drainage system of the production zone on a pilot basis
• Deviation of excess water out of fields
• Reduction of waterlogged areas
• Reduction of crop losses in the agri-zone • Rehabilitation of 200 m of existing drains (digging and widening)
• Establishment of new drains in fields (433 m)
Adoption of integrated pest management techniques for suppression of melon flies • Reduction in melon fly’s population
• Reduction in pesticide use for control of melon flies
• Production of safer food • Installation of 50 augmentorium (fruit cages) for capture of melon flies
Restoration and enhancing biodiversity and combating soil erosion
• Increased flora and fauna diversity in the zone
• Improved ecosystem services • Establishment of habitat for beneficial insects
• Production of vetiver and lemongrass (citronelle) plants at nursery level
• Plantation of vegetative barriers along drains and field borders
Improving bees’ population in the region • Better pollination of flowers and higher production • Installation of beehives around the fields

1.4.4 Project activities for the 3 regions
Provision of technical support and training in Agroecology: Training on agro-ecological practices is necessary in each region. It is extremely important to impart the knowhow to growers, especially those who are interested in changing their conventional practices in the light of climate change. This project would like to have support from the GEF SGP UNDP to access expertise and training on agroecology. A budget of Rs 400000 has been earmarked for this component. FAREI and its field officers will also be trained on agroecological practices as part of a train-the-trainer module.
FAREI and its field officers will continue to expand education and awareness-raising programmes on sustainable agricultural practices within the farmers communities to support successful implementation of these initiatives.


1.5 Implementation Plan
1.5.1 Implementation plan, indicators, time frame and cost estimate for La Chaumiere

Activities Responsibility Time Frame Indicators Estimated cost(Rs)
Rehabilitation of existing drain at the foot of the mountain (clearing, digging and widening on ~200m) Medine Group October 18
(2 weeks) 200 m of drain rehabilitated 300,000
(200m x Rs 1500 for cleaning, digging and carting waste
Plantation of vegetative barriers along drains and vegetation inside drains Farmers (Plants to be purchased from FAREI or other sources at nominal cost) September – October 18 (1 month) 300m of drains planted with vegetative barriers 300,000
Installation of micro sprinklers (10 ha)
Main components: Piping for irrigation network (main and laterals), filters, sprinklers, pump and labour FAREI (design) November 18
(2 weeks) 10 ha of fields under micro sprinkler irrigation 1 200 000

Establishment of habitat for beneficial insects (shrubs, flowering plants, melliferous plants) Farmers (Plants to be supplied by FAREI at nominal cost) November – December 18
(1 month) At least 2000 of trees and shrubs planted 200 000
Provision of technical support and training in Agroecology FAREI and external expertise to be outsourced September 2018 80 farmers trained and 40 site visits carried out over a period of one year 400 000
Training of farmers on agroecological concept and practices for the three different cooperatives (cost of logistics and training material) FAREI September 18 -June19 At least 125 farmers trained 50 000
Total 2 450 000

1.5.2 Implementation plan, indicators, time frame and cost-estimate for Britannia

Activities Responsibility Time Frame Indicators Estimated cost(Rs)
Plantation of specific trees and shrubs within the zone Farmers
List of recommended plants to be supplied by FAREI October to December 2018 3000 trees/shrubs planted 300 000
Setting up of Net house (eight units of 350m2) at the price of Rs 150 000 per unit Farmers after tender/quotation procedures November 2018 2800 m2 of food crop cultivation under net house 1200 000
Total 1 500 000


1.5.3 Implementation plan, indicators, time frame and cost-estimate at Plaine Sophie
Activities Responsibility Time frame Indicators Estimated cost(Rs)
Rehabilitation of 200 m of existing drains (digging and widening) Farmers August –October 18 200 m of drain rehabilitated 200 000
Digging of 433 m of new in field drains Farmers September-November 18 Establishment of 433 m of new drains 650 000
Propagation and production of citronelle and vetiver plants at nursery level FAREI (for sale to planters) August 18 2000 citronelle and vetiver plants 100 000
Selection of tree species to be planted FAREI August 18 Technical report on list of suitable trees for the region 25 000
Plantation of vetiver and citronelle plants Farmers November –December 18 2000 citronelle and vetiver planted 50 000
Purchase and setting up of augmentorium Farmers under the supervision of FAREI September 18 50 augmentorium set up and functional 200 000
Establishment of habitat for beneficial insects Farmers under the supervision of FAREI November-December 18 1000 potted plants to be established 100 000
Purchase and installation of beehives Farmers under the supervision of FAREI September 18 15 Beehives installed 105 000
Total 1,430,000

1.6 Plan to Ensure Community Participation

The proposal for the current project has been carried out following a series of consultations with the farmers at the different cultivation sites. The following activities were carried out:
• A site visit was held at La Chaumiere on 28th May 2018 to identify problem areas and propose possible solutions to planters. Suggestions from planters were taken on board.

• A site visit was held at Plaine Sophie I on 13th June 2018 to explain scope, modalities, implications, commitments and benefits of project. Valuable suggestions from planters have been taken on board to improve the outcome of the project.

• Consultation meeting for growers of Britannia was held at GEF SGP UNDP office on Thursday 14.06.18 to explain scope, modalities, implications, commitments and benefits of project. Valuable suggestions from planters have been taken on board to improve the outcome of the project.

• A validation meeting with representatives of the three farmers associations planters was held on 12th July 2018 to explain the highlights of the project, the modus operandi and more important to seek the active participation of the planters.

• Farmers will contribute in the project as they will be responsible for establishment of the vegetative barriers for drains located in their fields and habitat for beneficial insects.

• Farmers will be responsible for the maintenance of drains.

• Farmers are being trained on sustainable agricultural practices by FAREI

Furthermore, farmers will contribute in cash and in kind in the project as they will be responsible:
• for plantation of the beneficial trees in fields and to provide necessary care to the plants.
• supervision of the construction of the 350 m2 net house at Britannia, of which 50 m2 will be their own contribution. They will be responsible for land clearing, land leveling, carrying out any soil amendment, land preparation and to carrying out food crop plantation inside the net house. They will also be responsible for maintenance work of net house and carry out some small repairs as and when necessary.
To ensure community participation, The FAREI through its extension officers of the region will act as a motivating agent to support farmers to work together to achieve the objectives of the project.

1.7 Knowledge Management
The knowledge, lessons learned and good practices gained through the implementation of the project will be disseminated through final reports for each of the project activities which will be disseminated to other farmers organizations and to government bodies.
The tangible benefits of the different project activities will be presented as case studies during regional cooperatives workshop so that the knowledge can shared with other organizations.
To promote the concept of agro-ecology among farming community, it would be desirable to have foreign expertise, guidance and support. The knowhow will be shared with other farmers.

1.8 Gender Mainstreaming
15% of farmers (12 planters) at La Chaumiere are female and are actively involved in food crops plantation and other decision making.
The spouse of the farmers at Britannia and Plaine Sophie are actively involved in decision making for the smooth running of the farm enterprise.

1.9 Communication of Results and Replication
Communication of the project goals, activities and results to local communities is an important aspect of this project.
Regular meetings, site visits and demonstrations by extension officer of the region will be conducted for dissemination of information and transfer of technology. Project results and lessons learned will be shared through a case study with the GEF SGP UNDP and disseminated amongst other growers’ community in Mauritius.
The project’s activities are designed to be replicable if proven to be effective on the ground. Appropriate extension packages such as messages, materials, trainings and guidebooks are important to contribute to the replicability of the project.
It is planned that field days are carried out in the three different regions to explain to planters of the region and from other regions the measures taken by the planters to minimise the impact of climate change on food crop production.
The three different regions represent different agro climatic conditions and the work done in these three localities can become showcases for all the planters of the island.
Farmers from other regions will be encouraged to come and visit the work carried out in the respective region. They will be encouraged to interact, ask questions from their fellow farmers and discover by themselves the tangible benefits of the projects. They will be encouraged to replicate and upscale similar approaches in their respective fields.
A field day will be carried out after the successful completion of the project so that other planters of the region that share the same agroclimatic constraints can see ways and means to build resilience against climatic changes in agriculture.
The local media will be invited to cover the activities and more important the progress made by farmers in the growing areas following support from the GEF SGP UNDP.

Section B: Project Risks, Monitoring and Evaluation
2.1 Risks to successful Implementation

Risks Mitigation Measures
Poor maintenance of drains in the long run Sensitisation of farmers by Extension Division on importance of maintaining drains
Theft of irrigation network Surveillance by farmers
Persistent drought conditions resulting in unavailability of water for irrigation Cultivation of drought tolerant crops and crop practices such as mulching
Poor crop husbandry of beneficial plants Sensitisation of farmers by Extension Division
Lack of cooperation between 3 farmers cooperatives
Motivation of farmers by executive members of the Cooperative Society. Follow up by steering committee including FAREI
Theft Surveillance by farmers
Lack of cooperation between farmers
Motivation of farmers and encourage them to work in group
Cyclones (with regard to the net houses) Precautionary measures to be taken by farmers to secure net houses before cyclone






2.2 Monitoring, Evaluation Plan and Indicators

Project work plan and activity scheduled: Project Number: Project Name: Increasing Farmers Resilience to Climate Change by Adopting an Agroecological Approach
Name of Grant Recipient: La Chaumiere Cooperative Society
Brief Description of General Objective of Project: Build resilience and mitigate impact of climate change in 3 pilot food crop production zones
GEF Focal Area Climate Change Project start date and end date: September to November 2019
Brief Description of Specific Objective #1: Rehabilitation of drains at the foot of Corps de Garde Mountain (La Chaumiere Region)
List the activities necessary to fulfill this objective. Indicate who is responsible for each activity and an indicator of activity accomplishment. Duration of Activity in Months
Activity Responsible Party Indicator 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Rehabilitation of existing drain at the foot of the mountain (clearing, digging and widening on ~200m) Medine Group 200 m of drain rehabilitated
Brief Description of Specific Objective #2: Improving drainage system of the production zone (La Chaumiere)

Activity Responsible Party Indicator 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Digging of new drains in fields La Chaumiere Coop Society Length of drains (m) rehabilitated
Selection of appropriate plants to be planted along drains FAREI List of recommended plants to be submitted by FAREI
Purchase of plants La Chaumiere Coop Society At least 4000 of plants purchased
Plantation of vegetative barriers along drains and vegetation inside drain La Chaumiere Coop Society 400 m of drains (m) planted with plants along its sides
Brief Description of Specific Objective #3: Improve water use efficiency at La Chaumiere

Activity Responsible Party Indicator 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Design of irrigation system FAREI Submission of technical report and design of micro sprinkler irrigation system for a model plot
Installation of micro sprinkler irrigation system La Chaumiere Coop Society 10 ha under micro sprinkler irrigation system
Brief Description of Specific Objective #4: Restore biodiversity and ecosystem services at La Chaumiere

Activity Responsible Party Indicator 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Selection of appropriate plants to be planted at La Chaumiere FAREI Report on suitable plants that will help for establishment of habitat for beneficial insects
Purchase and transport of plants from nursery to site La Chaumiere Coop Society At least 1500 plants purchased
Plantation of shrubs, flowering plants and melliferous plants La Chaumiere Coop Society At least 1500 plants planted












Brief Description of Specific Objective #5: Provision of technical support and training in Agroecology

Activity Responsible Party Indicator 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Technical visits, expertise, advice, training Farmers/FAREI/ GEF SGP UNDP (To be outsourced) At least 80 farmers and 20 Technical Officers (including Research Scientist and Extension Officers) trained and 40 site visits to be carried out over a period of one year
Indicate persons responsible for monitoring and progress reports: La Chaumiere Coop Society/FAREI Monitoring Frequency / Reporting
Monitoring and Record-Keeping
Progress Reports


Name of Grant Recipient: Le Jardin Bio de Britannia Mixed Farming Cooperative Society limited (LJBdB Coop Society Ltd)
Brief description of Objective #1: Improving landscape diversity within field and around zone (Britannia Organic Zone)
List the activities necessary to fulfill this objective. Indicate who is responsible for each activity and an indicator of activity accomplishment. Duration of Activity in Months
Activity Responsible Party Indicator 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Selection of appropriate plants to be planted at Britannia Organic Zone FAREI Report on suitable plants that will help for improving landscape diversity
Purchase and conveyance to site of shrubs/trees LJBdB Coop Society Ltd At least 2500 potted plants purchased
Plantation of specific trees and shrubs within the zone LJBdB Coop Society Ltd At least 2500 plants put in soil
Brief Description of Specific Objective #2: Sustainable Production of organic vegetables during drought and torrential rainfall

Activity Responsible Party Indicator 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Launch of tender for net house LJBdB Coop Society with support from FAREI and GEF SGP UNDP Evaluation of Bids received
Land preparation, leveling, soil amendment LJBdB Coop Society Ltd Land prepared
Setting up of 350 m2 net house LJBdB Coop Society Ltd 8 net houses erected
Maintenance /repairs for one year LJBdB Coop Society Ltd Maintenance and repairs carried out for 1 year
Technical Supervision during construction of net house FAREI Construction supervised
Plantation inside net house LJBdB Coop Society Ltd 2800 m2 under plantation
Brief Description of Specific Objective #3: Provision of technical support and training in Agroecology

Activity Responsible Party Indicator 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Technical visits, expertise, advice, training Farmers/FAREI/ GEF SGP UNDP (To be outsourced) Britannia farmers trained
Indicate persons responsible for monitoring and progress reports: Growers of Britannia Monitoring Frequency / Reporting
Monitoring and Record-Keeping
Progress Reports


Name of Grant Recipient: Plaine Sophie Mixed Farming Cooperative Society Limited
Brief description of Objective #1: Improving the drainage system of the production Zone
List the activities necessary to fulfill this objective. Indicate who is responsible for each activity and an indicator of activity accomplishment. Duration of Activity in Months
Activity Responsible Party Indicator 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Rehabilitation of existing drain 200 and 250 m Medine Group 200 m of drain rehabilitated
Brief Description of Specific Objective #2: Adoption of integrated pest management techniques for suppression of melon flies

Activity Responsible Party Indicator 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Purchase and setting up of 50 augmentorium Plaine Sophie Mixed Farming Cooperative Society (PSMFCS) 50 functional augmentorium
Brief Description of Specific Objective #3: Combating soil erosion along drains

Activity Responsible Party Indicator 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Production/Purchase of vetiver and lemongrass (citronelle) plants at nursery level (PSMFCS)/
FAREI 2000 plants purchased/produced
Plantation of vegetative barriers along drains and field borders PSMFCS 2000 plants planted

Brief Description of Specific Objective #4: Restore biodiversity and ecosystem services at Plaine Sophie
Activity Responsible Party Indicator 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Selection of appropriate plants to be planted at Plaine Sophie FAREI Report on suitable plants that will help for establishment of habitat for beneficial insects
Purchase and transport of plants from nursery to site PSMFCS At least 1500 plants purchased
Plantation of shrubs, flowering plants and melliferous plants PSMFCS At least 1500 plants planted
Brief Description of Specific Objective #4: Improving bee’s population in the region

Activity Responsible Party Indicator 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Purchase and installation of beehives around the zone PSMFCS 15 beehives installed
Management of beehives PSMFCS At least 12 healthy colonies inside beehives
Indicate persons responsible for monitoring and progress reports: FAREI/GEAMCS Monitoring Frequency / Reporting
Monitoring and Record-Keeping
Progress Reports

2.3 Project Indicators
• Hectares of significant ecosystems with improved conservation status
• Hectares of production landscapes / seascapes applying sustainable use practices
• Hectares of land under improved land use and climate proofing practices
• Hectares of land applying sustainable forest, agricultural and water management practices
• Number of trees/shrubs planted
• Length of drains planted with vegetative barriers
• Area/number of fields under micro sprinkler irrigation
• Number of trees planted
• Number of farmers trained in Agroecology and number of advisory site visits carried out to planters over a period of one year
• Length of drains rehabilitated
• 2800 m2 of food crop cultivation under net house
• Linear meters of drains created in field
• Number of beehives installed
• Number of augmentorium installed in field
• Number of trees planted as natural habitat for beneficial insects

2.4 Sustainability of Results Achieved

Some of the activities in the 3 regions will be set up on a pilot basis and it is hoped that other growers of the regions will be convinced and will upscale or replicate the project activities thus increasing the sustainability of results achieved.
The emphasis of this project is on providing capacity building, training of farmers, setting up of dedicated areas for the establishment of habitat of beneficial insects. In the long run there will be increased flora and fauna diversity in the zone and improved ecosystem services
Training provided to farmers in agro ecology will ensure the sustainability of their farming activities and will improve their income and standard of living.
In the long run, with an associated increase in the number of beneficial insects there will be a lower incidence of insect pest attack, lower usage of pesticides and production of healthier vegetables.
Production of vegetables inside net houses will enable regular production of vegetables throughout the year. This will ensure stable income for farmers.
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Section C: Project Budget
3.1 Financial Details
a. Project Funding Summary
Table 2: Project Funding Summary
Funding Source Funding Plan [Mauritian Rupees] Total [Rs]
Year 1 Year 2
a. GEF SGP 5,191,155 5,191,155
b. Community 3,300,000 3,300,000
c. Proposing Organization (FAREI) 1,200,000 1,200,000
d. Medine Group 300,000 300,000
Total Project Cost 9,991,155



b. Community Contribution (from Growers of 3 regions except when otherwise mentioned)
Sources of Community Contribution Type (cash/in kind [1])
Committed or Projected? * Rs
Labour for planting and maintenance of beneficial plants and plants along drains Kind Projected 300,000
Supervision / construction and maintenance of drains Kind Projected 400,000
Basic Maintenance /repairs of irrigation network for one year by growers of La Chaumiere Kind Projected 300,000
Planting and maintenance of beneficial plants Kind Projected 300,000
Supervision of construction and extension of 50 m2 net house for 8 units by Growers of Britannia Cash Committed 400,000
Land preparation, levelling, soil amendment, plantation inside net house by growers of Britannia Kind Projected 400,000
Maintenance /repairs for one year by growers of Britannia Kind Projected 200,000
Planting and maintenance of beneficial plants Kind Projected 300,000
Supervision / construction and maintenance of drains Kind Projected 400,000
Installation and management of bee hives by growers of Plaine Sophie Kind Projected 100,000
Installation and Maintenance of 50 augmentorium by growers of Plaine Sophie Kind Projected 200,000
Total 3,300,000


c. Proposing Organization Contribution
Table 4: Proposing Organizations Contribution (FAREI)
Sources of Contribution Type Committed or Projected? Rs
Extension and advisory activities for implementation of project, reporting to GEF SGP UNDP on progress of project Kind Committed 300000
Design of irrigation system Kind Committed 100000
Extension and advisory activities for implementation of project, reporting to GEF SGP UNDP on progress of project Kind Committed 200000
Technical Supervision during construction of net house Kind Committed 200000
Extension and advisory activities for implementation of project, reporting to GEF SGP UNDP on progress of project Kind Committed 300000
Training of Farmers (Resource Person from FAREI) Kind Committed 100000
Total 1200000

d. Other Co-Contribution
Table 5: Other Contribution
Sources of Contribution Type Committed or Projected? Rs
Medine Group Kind Committed 300000
Total 300000

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3.2 Projected Expenditures
Table 5: Projected Expenditures

EXPENDITURE CATEGORY GEF SGP Request Medine Group FAREI Farmers TOTAL
La Chaumiere
Rehabilitation of existing drain at the foot of the mountain (clearing, digging and widening on ~200m at Rs 1500 per m) 300,000 300,000
Purchase and plantation of vegetative barriers along drains and vegetation inside drains (4000 plants @ Rs 75 per plant) 300,000 300,000
Purchase and Installation of micro sprinklers (10 ha) 1,200,000 1,200,000
Purchase of plants for establishment of habitat for beneficial insects (shrubs, flowering plants, melliferous plants - 2000 potted seedlings at Rs 100) 200,000 200,000
All Regions
Provision of technical support and training in Agroecology 400,000 400,000
Plaine Sophie
Rehabilitation of existing drains (digging and widening) 200 meters at Rs 1000 200,000 200,000
Digging of new in field drains ((clearing, digging and widening on ~433m at Rs 1500 per metre) 650,000 650,000
Purchase of citronelle and vetiver plants from nursery level (2000 potted plants at Rs 50 each) 100,000 100,000
Purchase and setting up of augmentorium (50 Augmentorium at Rs 4000 each) 200,000 200,000
Establishment of habitat for beneficial insects (Purchase of 1000 potted plants at Rs 100 each) 100,000 100,000
Purchase and installation of beehives (15 beehives at Rs 7000 each) 105,000 105,000


Britannia Organic Zone
Purchase and plantation of specific trees and shrubs within the zone (2000 potted trees /shrubs at Rs 150 each) 300,000 300,000
Setting up of Net house (eight units of 350m2) at the price of Rs 150 000 per unit 1,200,000 1,200,000
Training/Seminars/Workshops 50,000 50,000
Training of farmers on agroecological concept and practices (cost of logistics and training material, venue, Refreshments, materials, stationary)
Extension and advisory activities for implementation of project, reporting to GEF SGP UNDP on progress of project - FAREI 300,000 300,000
Design of irrigation system -FAREI (Consultancy fee) 100,000 100,000
Extension and advisory activities for implementation of project, reporting to GEF SGP UNDP on progress of project - FAREI 200,000 200,000
Technical Supervision during construction of net house – FAREI 200,000 200,000
Extension and advisory activities for implementation of project, reporting to GEF SGP UNDP on progress of project - FAREI 300,000 300,000
Training of Farmers on Sustainable Practices (Resource Person from FAREI) 100,000 100,000
Labour for planting and maintenance of beneficial plants and plants along drains (600 Men day at Rs 500) 300,000 300,000
Supervision / construction and maintenance of drains (80 MD at Rs 500) 400,000 400,000
Basic Maintenance /repairs of irrigation network for one year (100 MD @Rs 500) + Rs 250 000 as materials 300,000 300,000
Planting and maintenance of beneficial plants (600 MD @Rs 500) 300,000 300,000
Supervision of construction and extension of 50 m2 net house for 8 units (400-man days @ Rs1,000) 400,000 400,000

Land preparation, levelling, soil amendment, plantation inside net house (80 400,000 400,000
Maintenance /repairs for one year (40 man-days @ Rs 500, Materials for repairs @ Rs100,000) 200,000 200,000
Planting and maintenance of beneficial plants (600 MD @Rs 500) 300,000 300,000
Supervision / construction and maintenance of drains (80 MD at Rs 500) 400,000 400,000
Installation and management of bee hives (20 MD @ Rs500 over 1 year) 100,000 100,000
Installation and Maintenance of augmentorium (40 MD @ Rs 500) 200,000 200,000
F. Communication
G. Incidentals (if any apart from Contingency below)
TOTAL COSTS 5,005,000 300,000 1,200,000 3,300,000 9,805,000
H. Risk Management (cyclones, natural disasters) 5% of Total Costs
I. Contingency 186,155 186,155
TOTAL PROJECT COSTS 5,191,155 9,991,155
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3.3 Bank Details
Bank Details State Bank of Mauritius
Stanley Branch
Account Number: 0283010000
Account name: La Chaumiere Agricultural Marketing Cooperative Society Limited
 
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Project Snapshot

Grantee:
La Chaumiere Agricultural Marketing Co-operative Society Limited
Country:
Mauritius
Area Of Work:
Community Based Adaptation
Operational Phase:
OP6 -Y4 (Jul 18 - Jun 19)
Grant Amount:
US$ 150,000.00
Co-Financing Cash:
US$ 56,142.12
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 132,816.63
Project Number:
MAR/SGP/OP6/Y4/CORE/CC/2018/02
Start Date:
8/2018
End Date:
8/2021
Status:
Currently under execution

Partnership

Ministry of Agro-Industry

Grantee Contact

Mr. Manicon Mardamootoo
Phone: +230 59736206
 

Address

La Chaumiere Hall, La Chaumiere
St Martin , Riviere-Noire ,

SGP Country office contact

Mrs. Pamela Bapoo-Dundoo
Phone:
(230) 213 53 84
Fax:
(230) 212 14 11
Email:
Miss Mishka Bundhoo
Phone:
(230) 213 53 84
Fax:
(230) 212 14 11
Email:

Address

2nd Floor, Sugar Industry Pension Fund Building, 1 Remy Ollier Street
Port Louis, Mauritius

Country Website