Water catchment management to provide 24x7 water supply for community vitality at Jagathang
Water catchment management to provide 24x7 water supply for community vitality at Jagathang
Paro, situated in the north-western part of the country, has a total area of 1,293 km2. The population of the dzongkhag is 46,316 (23,941 male; 22,375 female). Rural communities constitute 74.3 percent of the population. The mean annual household income is BTN 201,823 (USD 3,140 approx) and major income sources include agriculture and livestock rearing, and in urban centers and peripheral areas they include tourism and small retail business. The dzongkhag is divided into 10 gewogs.
Jagathang village under Lamgong gewog is the identified project site. The village has 230 households and a population of over 1610 people. Agriculture and livestock rearing are the main occupation in the village.
key environmental and social problem

Some section of the village is under sever water shortage and this has resulted in poor hygiene particularly among children who needed more care. It has increased the drudgery among children and women in the process of fetching water. The shortage of water has also impacted in failure of small scale winter cropping in the kitchen gardens and greenhouses at household levels which would be an opportunity among the villagers in managing their food self-sufficiency, specifically when the country is striving it best to produce winter vegetables from within the country in order to avoid buying of chemically contaminated vegetables from across the border in the southern part of the country. .

The village is connected with Rural Water Supply Scheme (RWSS) since early 1990s. However, over the years, the infrastructures of the scheme were worn out and there was hardly any repair done. 90% of the scheme has now failed and in some areas doesn’t even exist the infrastructures. People have somehow managed water for drinking, cooking and small scale agriculture through individual pipe lines directly connected to the stream source. This practise has no regulations in place and therefore, has high possibility of unmanaged water supply system which can be a source of community disharmony.

Environmental degradation and poor management at the catchment are the key reasons for water shortage in the village. There are evidences of illegal felling of trees and collection of leaf litters in an unmanaged manner. Cattle grazing could also be a contributing factor for the degradation of the catchment. The absence of some sort of source management would result to the “Tragedy of the Common” situation where everyone desires to extract and no one is responsible for the management. A community forest has been established lately which may be useful for the catchment management. However, the group also requires education and sensitization. The catchment now seem to be in pristine form and it is expected to have rich biodiversity including aquatic lives. However, in the absence of a vigilant monitoring and enforcement of a management regulations, the state of the catchment would be at stake.

Target group
This project would benefit about 25 households with more than 250 people. Most of the people living in the project site are farmers who depend on subsistence farming including livestock rearing. Women are mostly the house makers and have major decision making in-terms of managing the house affairs. There are also substantial number of youth of school going and school dropouts.

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Project Snapshot

Chitheun Tshogpa
Area Of Work:
International Waters
Grant Amount:
US$ 8,670.00
Co-Financing Cash:
Co-Financing in-Kind:
US$ 3,979.20
Project Number:
Satisfactorily Completed
Project Characteristics and Results
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Grantee Contact

Mr Thinley Lhendup Dorji
Phone: +975 77110927/+975 77650054
Email: tshewangtashi.pce@rub.edu.bt


Paro , Paro , 12001

SGP Country office contact

Mr. Tenzin Wangchuk
Mr. Tshering Phuntsho
009752322424 (ext:330)


UN House, Peling Lam (Street), Kawajangsa, Thimphu, P.O. Box No. 162
Thimphu, Bhutan, 11001