The proliferation of harmful chemicals is a growing concern for human health and well-being and the global environment.
During its 6th replenishment period (July 2014 to June 2018; GEF-6), GEF continues to play a catalytic role in leveraging budgetary resources to support elimination and reduction of harmful chemicals and waste.
The GEF Small Grants Programme (SGP) is the special window of the GEF providing financial and technical support to communities and civil society organizations for addressing global environmental challenges, while also promoting poverty reduction and sustainable development. In the chemicals and waste focal area, SGP focuses its support to communities at the forefront of chemical threats either as users or consumers, including women and indigenous peoples.
As of April 2017, SGP has supported 565 projects with an investment of more than $16 million in GEF grant funding, leveraging more than $18 million in co-financing from multiple sources. SGP’s chemicals and waste portfolio has focused on: solid waste management to avoid open burning of waste; pesticide management in agriculture and organic farming; • reduction of chemicals usage and contamination (such as PCB) in small-scale businesses; capacity development, awareness raising and knowledge sharing.
This booklet highlights COMDEKS contributions to achieving the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, as well as the critical role that local communities play in ecosystem protection and biodiversity conservation.
The publication contains two parts:
Part 1 introduces COMDEKS and its community-based landscape approach for conserving ecosystems and biodiversity and promoting sustainable livelihoods. It outlines the rationale for why community action is vital to conserving biodiversity in rural landscapes outside of Protected Areas.
Part 2 portrays how COMDEKS has contributed to achieving all five of the Strategic Goals of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and many of the individual Aichi Biodiversity Targets, showcasing a variety of best practices and results from supported projects.
Sea, my life: a voyage to UNDP-supported marine protected areas around the world\" that features case studies of GEF financed projects.Our work in supporting communities in the protection of marine and coastal areas is featured in two chapters: \"The people\'s reef, Community stewardship of marine heritage in Belize\" that highlights our work in the Belize Reef Barrier.The other one is the \"The Ripple Effect: Partnerships for marine conservation in Turkey\" showcasing our work in the establishment of the first \"no fishing zones in Turkey.
“The struggle of poor and vulnerable communities against poverty, biodiversity depletion, environmental degradation, climate change devastation and poor governance may be slow and protracted, but their local solutions and innovations guarantee the future of the present and the next generation [...] Additional resource allocation and support to the global movement of local and indigenous land and sea managers is needed from the international community to consolidate local community achievements, and initiate and sustain more local actions together to address global challenges with scaled-up solutions and innovations.\" – Leonardo Rosario, Trowel Development Foundation
The purpose of this Guide is to provide comprehensive and accessible information about SGP.
SGP has supported the implementation of regional Strategic Action Programmes with 1,027 small grant projects in more than forty transboundary waterbodies around the World. SGP experience show that communities when empowered to take action can implement concrete measures to reverse environmental degradation trends. The ten cases in this publication further highlight the way in which diverse communities from Cuba to Cape Verde, and Mauritius to Malaysia have tackled critical water and ecosystem management challenges with limited resources, to achieve environmental protection hand in hand with crucial benefits to local livelihoods, health and wellbeing. The lessons learned presented in this publication provide valuable guidance on supporting community innovations and then their eventual scaling up through multiple partnerships and links with larger projects. Complementing the global and regional aspects of International Waters work with local elements that empower and sustain is what we need to do if we are to achieve SDG 14 – our “Life Below Water” goal.